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ec_lcl.h
/* crypto/ec/ec_lcl.h */
/*
 * Originally written by Bodo Moeller for the OpenSSL project.
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2003 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openssl-core@openssl.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright 2002 Sun Microsystems, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
 *
 * Portions of the attached software ("Contribution") are developed by 
 * SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC., and are contributed to the OpenSSL project.
 *
 * The Contribution is licensed pursuant to the OpenSSL open source
 * license provided above.
 *
 * The elliptic curve binary polynomial software is originally written by 
 * Sheueling Chang Shantz and Douglas Stebila of Sun Microsystems Laboratories.
 *
 */


#include <stdlib.h>

#include <openssl/obj_mac.h>
#include <openssl/ec.h>
#include <openssl/bn.h>

#if defined(__SUNPRO_C)
# if __SUNPRO_C >= 0x520
# pragma error_messages (off,E_ARRAY_OF_INCOMPLETE_NONAME,E_ARRAY_OF_INCOMPLETE)
# endif
#endif

/* Structure details are not part of the exported interface,
 * so all this may change in future versions. */

00088 struct ec_method_st {
      /* used by EC_METHOD_get_field_type: */
      int field_type; /* a NID */

      /* used by EC_GROUP_new, EC_GROUP_free, EC_GROUP_clear_free, EC_GROUP_copy: */
      int (*group_init)(EC_GROUP *);
      void (*group_finish)(EC_GROUP *);
      void (*group_clear_finish)(EC_GROUP *);
      int (*group_copy)(EC_GROUP *, const EC_GROUP *);

      /* used by EC_GROUP_set_curve_GFp, EC_GROUP_get_curve_GFp, */
      /* EC_GROUP_set_curve_GF2m, and EC_GROUP_get_curve_GF2m: */
      int (*group_set_curve)(EC_GROUP *, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
      int (*group_get_curve)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *p, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_GROUP_get_degree: */
      int (*group_get_degree)(const EC_GROUP *);

      /* used by EC_GROUP_check: */
      int (*group_check_discriminant)(const EC_GROUP *, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_new, EC_POINT_free, EC_POINT_clear_free, EC_POINT_copy: */
      int (*point_init)(EC_POINT *);
      void (*point_finish)(EC_POINT *);
      void (*point_clear_finish)(EC_POINT *);
      int (*point_copy)(EC_POINT *, const EC_POINT *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_set_to_infinity,
       * EC_POINT_set_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp,
       * EC_POINT_get_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp,
       * EC_POINT_set_affine_coordinates_GFp,     ..._GF2m,
       * EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GFp,     ..._GF2m,
       * EC_POINT_set_compressed_coordinates_GFp, ..._GF2m:
       */
      int (*point_set_to_infinity)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *);
      int (*point_set_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
            const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y, const BIGNUM *z, BN_CTX *);
      int (*point_get_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *,
            BIGNUM *x, BIGNUM *y, BIGNUM *z, BN_CTX *);
      int (*point_set_affine_coordinates)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
            const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
      int (*point_get_affine_coordinates)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *,
            BIGNUM *x, BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
      int (*point_set_compressed_coordinates)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
            const BIGNUM *x, int y_bit, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_point2oct, EC_POINT_oct2point: */
      size_t (*point2oct)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, point_conversion_form_t form,
              unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);
      int (*oct2point)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
              const unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_add, EC_POINT_dbl, ECP_POINT_invert: */
      int (*add)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);
      int (*dbl)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, BN_CTX *);
      int (*invert)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_is_at_infinity, EC_POINT_is_on_curve, EC_POINT_cmp: */
      int (*is_at_infinity)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *);
      int (*is_on_curve)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
      int (*point_cmp)(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINT_make_affine, EC_POINTs_make_affine: */
      int (*make_affine)(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
      int (*points_make_affine)(const EC_GROUP *, size_t num, EC_POINT *[], BN_CTX *);

      /* used by EC_POINTs_mul, EC_POINT_mul, EC_POINT_precompute_mult, EC_POINT_have_precompute_mult
       * (default implementations are used if the 'mul' pointer is 0): */
      int (*mul)(const EC_GROUP *group, EC_POINT *r, const BIGNUM *scalar,
            size_t num, const EC_POINT *points[], const BIGNUM *scalars[], BN_CTX *);
      int (*precompute_mult)(EC_GROUP *group, BN_CTX *);
      int (*have_precompute_mult)(const EC_GROUP *group);


      /* internal functions */

      /* 'field_mul', 'field_sqr', and 'field_div' can be used by 'add' and 'dbl' so that
       * the same implementations of point operations can be used with different
       * optimized implementations of expensive field operations: */
      int (*field_mul)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
      int (*field_sqr)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);
      int (*field_div)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);

      int (*field_encode)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *); /* e.g. to Montgomery */
      int (*field_decode)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *); /* e.g. from Montgomery */
      int (*field_set_to_one)(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, BN_CTX *);
} /* EC_METHOD */;

00176 typedef struct ec_extra_data_st {
      struct ec_extra_data_st *next;
      void *data;
      void *(*dup_func)(void *);
      void (*free_func)(void *);
      void (*clear_free_func)(void *);
} EC_EXTRA_DATA; /* used in EC_GROUP */

00184 struct ec_group_st {
      const EC_METHOD *meth;

      EC_POINT *generator; /* optional */
      BIGNUM order, cofactor;

      int curve_name;/* optional NID for named curve */
      int asn1_flag; /* flag to control the asn1 encoding */
      point_conversion_form_t asn1_form;

      unsigned char *seed; /* optional seed for parameters (appears in ASN1) */
      size_t seed_len;

      EC_EXTRA_DATA *extra_data; /* linked list */

      /* The following members are handled by the method functions,
       * even if they appear generic */
      
      BIGNUM field; /* Field specification.
                     * For curves over GF(p), this is the modulus;
                     * for curves over GF(2^m), this is the 
                     * irreducible polynomial defining the field.
                     */

      int poly[6]; /* Field specification for curves over GF(2^m).
                    * The irreducible f(t) is then of the form:
                    *     t^poly[0] + t^poly[1] + ... + t^poly[k]
                    * where m = poly[0] > poly[1] > ... > poly[k] = 0.
                    * The array is terminated with poly[k+1]=-1.
                    * All elliptic curve irreducibles have at most 5
                    * non-zero terms.
                    */

      BIGNUM a, b; /* Curve coefficients.
                    * (Here the assumption is that BIGNUMs can be used
                    * or abused for all kinds of fields, not just GF(p).)
                    * For characteristic  > 3,  the curve is defined
                    * by a Weierstrass equation of the form
                    *     y^2 = x^3 + a*x + b.
                    * For characteristic  2,  the curve is defined by
                    * an equation of the form
                    *     y^2 + x*y = x^3 + a*x^2 + b.
                    */

      int a_is_minus3; /* enable optimized point arithmetics for special case */

      void *field_data1; /* method-specific (e.g., Montgomery structure) */
      void *field_data2; /* method-specific */
      int (*field_mod_func)(BIGNUM *, const BIGNUM *, const BIGNUM *,   BN_CTX *); /* method-specific */
} /* EC_GROUP */;

00235 struct ec_key_st {
      int version;

      EC_GROUP *group;

      EC_POINT *pub_key;
      BIGNUM       *priv_key;

      unsigned int enc_flag;
      point_conversion_form_t conv_form;

      int   references;

      EC_EXTRA_DATA *method_data;
} /* EC_KEY */;

/* Basically a 'mixin' for extra data, but available for EC_GROUPs/EC_KEYs only
 * (with visibility limited to 'package' level for now).
 * We use the function pointers as index for retrieval; this obviates
 * global ex_data-style index tables.
 */
int EC_EX_DATA_set_data(EC_EXTRA_DATA **, void *data,
      void *(*dup_func)(void *), void (*free_func)(void *), void (*clear_free_func)(void *));
void *EC_EX_DATA_get_data(const EC_EXTRA_DATA *,
      void *(*dup_func)(void *), void (*free_func)(void *), void (*clear_free_func)(void *));
void EC_EX_DATA_free_data(EC_EXTRA_DATA **,
      void *(*dup_func)(void *), void (*free_func)(void *), void (*clear_free_func)(void *));
void EC_EX_DATA_clear_free_data(EC_EXTRA_DATA **,
      void *(*dup_func)(void *), void (*free_func)(void *), void (*clear_free_func)(void *));
void EC_EX_DATA_free_all_data(EC_EXTRA_DATA **);
void EC_EX_DATA_clear_free_all_data(EC_EXTRA_DATA **);



00269 struct ec_point_st {
      const EC_METHOD *meth;

      /* All members except 'meth' are handled by the method functions,
       * even if they appear generic */

      BIGNUM X;
      BIGNUM Y;
      BIGNUM Z; /* Jacobian projective coordinates:
                 * (X, Y, Z)  represents  (X/Z^2, Y/Z^3)  if  Z != 0 */
      int Z_is_one; /* enable optimized point arithmetics for special case */
} /* EC_POINT */;



/* method functions in ec_mult.c
 * (ec_lib.c uses these as defaults if group->method->mul is 0) */
int ec_wNAF_mul(const EC_GROUP *group, EC_POINT *r, const BIGNUM *scalar,
      size_t num, const EC_POINT *points[], const BIGNUM *scalars[], BN_CTX *);
int ec_wNAF_precompute_mult(EC_GROUP *group, BN_CTX *);
int ec_wNAF_have_precompute_mult(const EC_GROUP *group);


/* method functions in ecp_smpl.c */
int ec_GFp_simple_group_init(EC_GROUP *);
void ec_GFp_simple_group_finish(EC_GROUP *);
void ec_GFp_simple_group_clear_finish(EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_simple_group_copy(EC_GROUP *, const EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_simple_group_set_curve(EC_GROUP *, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_group_get_curve(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *p, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_group_get_degree(const EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_simple_group_check_discriminant(const EC_GROUP *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_point_init(EC_POINT *);
void ec_GFp_simple_point_finish(EC_POINT *);
void ec_GFp_simple_point_clear_finish(EC_POINT *);
int ec_GFp_simple_point_copy(EC_POINT *, const EC_POINT *);
int ec_GFp_simple_point_set_to_infinity(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *);
int ec_GFp_simple_set_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y, const BIGNUM *z, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_get_Jprojective_coordinates_GFp(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *,
      BIGNUM *x, BIGNUM *y, BIGNUM *z, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_point_set_affine_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_point_get_affine_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *,
      BIGNUM *x, BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_set_compressed_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const BIGNUM *x, int y_bit, BN_CTX *);
size_t ec_GFp_simple_point2oct(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, point_conversion_form_t form,
      unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_oct2point(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_add(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_dbl(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_invert(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_is_at_infinity(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *);
int ec_GFp_simple_is_on_curve(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_cmp(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_make_affine(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_points_make_affine(const EC_GROUP *, size_t num, EC_POINT *[], BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_field_mul(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_simple_field_sqr(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);


/* method functions in ecp_mont.c */
int ec_GFp_mont_group_init(EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_mont_group_set_curve(EC_GROUP *, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
void ec_GFp_mont_group_finish(EC_GROUP *);
void ec_GFp_mont_group_clear_finish(EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_mont_group_copy(EC_GROUP *, const EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GFp_mont_field_mul(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_mont_field_sqr(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_mont_field_encode(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_mont_field_decode(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_mont_field_set_to_one(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, BN_CTX *);


/* method functions in ecp_nist.c */
int ec_GFp_nist_group_copy(EC_GROUP *dest, const EC_GROUP *src);
int ec_GFp_nist_group_set_curve(EC_GROUP *, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_nist_field_mul(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GFp_nist_field_sqr(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);


/* method functions in ec2_smpl.c */
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_init(EC_GROUP *);
void ec_GF2m_simple_group_finish(EC_GROUP *);
void ec_GF2m_simple_group_clear_finish(EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_copy(EC_GROUP *, const EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_set_curve(EC_GROUP *, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_get_curve(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *p, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_get_degree(const EC_GROUP *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_group_check_discriminant(const EC_GROUP *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_point_init(EC_POINT *);
void ec_GF2m_simple_point_finish(EC_POINT *);
void ec_GF2m_simple_point_clear_finish(EC_POINT *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_point_copy(EC_POINT *, const EC_POINT *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_point_set_to_infinity(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_point_set_affine_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_point_get_affine_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *,
      BIGNUM *x, BIGNUM *y, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_set_compressed_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const BIGNUM *x, int y_bit, BN_CTX *);
size_t ec_GF2m_simple_point2oct(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, point_conversion_form_t form,
      unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_oct2point(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *,
      const unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_add(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_dbl(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *r, const EC_POINT *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_invert(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_is_at_infinity(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_is_on_curve(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_cmp(const EC_GROUP *, const EC_POINT *a, const EC_POINT *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_make_affine(const EC_GROUP *, EC_POINT *, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_points_make_affine(const EC_GROUP *, size_t num, EC_POINT *[], BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_field_mul(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_field_sqr(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_simple_field_div(const EC_GROUP *, BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *);


/* method functions in ec2_mult.c */
int ec_GF2m_simple_mul(const EC_GROUP *group, EC_POINT *r, const BIGNUM *scalar,
      size_t num, const EC_POINT *points[], const BIGNUM *scalars[], BN_CTX *);
int ec_GF2m_precompute_mult(EC_GROUP *group, BN_CTX *ctx);
int ec_GF2m_have_precompute_mult(const EC_GROUP *group);

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