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ts_rsp_verify.c

/* crypto/ts/ts_resp_verify.c */
/* Written by Zoltan Glozik (zglozik@stones.com) for the OpenSSL
 * project 2002.
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 2006 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    licensing@OpenSSL.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include "cryptlib.h"
#include <openssl/objects.h>
#include <openssl/ts.h>
#include <openssl/pkcs7.h>

/* Private function declarations. */

static int TS_verify_cert(X509_STORE *store, STACK_OF(X509) *untrusted,
                    X509 *signer, STACK_OF(X509) **chain);
static int TS_check_signing_certs(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, STACK_OF(X509) *chain);
static ESS_SIGNING_CERT *ESS_get_signing_cert(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si);
static int TS_find_cert(STACK_OF(ESS_CERT_ID) *cert_ids, X509 *cert);
static int TS_issuer_serial_cmp(ESS_ISSUER_SERIAL *is, X509_CINF *cinfo);
static int int_TS_RESP_verify_token(TS_VERIFY_CTX *ctx, 
                         PKCS7 *token, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info);
static int TS_check_status_info(TS_RESP *response);
static char *TS_get_status_text(STACK_OF(ASN1_UTF8STRING) *text);
static int TS_check_policy(ASN1_OBJECT *req_oid, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info);
static int TS_compute_imprint(BIO *data, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info,
                        X509_ALGOR **md_alg, 
                        unsigned char **imprint, unsigned *imprint_len);
static int TS_check_imprints(X509_ALGOR *algor_a, 
                       unsigned char *imprint_a, unsigned len_a,
                       TS_TST_INFO *tst_info);
static int TS_check_nonces(const ASN1_INTEGER *a, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info);
static int TS_check_signer_name(GENERAL_NAME *tsa_name, X509 *signer);
static int TS_find_name(STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *gen_names, GENERAL_NAME *name);

/*
 * Local mapping between response codes and descriptions.
 * Don't forget to change TS_STATUS_BUF_SIZE when modifying 
 * the elements of this array.
 */
static const char *TS_status_text[] =
      { "granted",
        "grantedWithMods",
        "rejection",
        "waiting",
        "revocationWarning",
        "revocationNotification" };

#define TS_STATUS_TEXT_SIZE   (sizeof(TS_status_text)/sizeof(*TS_status_text))

/*
 * This must be greater or equal to the sum of the strings in TS_status_text
 * plus the number of its elements.
 */
#define TS_STATUS_BUF_SIZE    256

static struct
      {
      int code;
      const char *text;
      } TS_failure_info[] =
            { { TS_INFO_BAD_ALG, "badAlg" },
              { TS_INFO_BAD_REQUEST, "badRequest" },
              { TS_INFO_BAD_DATA_FORMAT, "badDataFormat" },
              { TS_INFO_TIME_NOT_AVAILABLE, "timeNotAvailable" },
              { TS_INFO_UNACCEPTED_POLICY, "unacceptedPolicy" },
              { TS_INFO_UNACCEPTED_EXTENSION, "unacceptedExtension" },
              { TS_INFO_ADD_INFO_NOT_AVAILABLE, "addInfoNotAvailable" },
              { TS_INFO_SYSTEM_FAILURE, "systemFailure" } };

#define TS_FAILURE_INFO_SIZE  (sizeof(TS_failure_info) / \
                        sizeof(*TS_failure_info))

/* Functions for verifying a signed TS_TST_INFO structure. */

/*
 * This function carries out the following tasks:
 *    - Checks if there is one and only one signer.
 *    - Search for the signing certificate in 'certs' and in the response.
 *    - Check the extended key usage and key usage fields of the signer
 *    certificate (done by the path validation).
 *    - Build and validate the certificate path.
 *    - Check if the certificate path meets the requirements of the
 *    SigningCertificate ESS signed attribute.
 *    - Verify the signature value.
 *    - Returns the signer certificate in 'signer', if 'signer' is not NULL.
 */
int TS_RESP_verify_signature(PKCS7 *token, STACK_OF(X509) *certs,
                       X509_STORE *store, X509 **signer_out)
      {
      STACK_OF(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO) *sinfos = NULL;
      PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si;
      STACK_OF(X509) *signers = NULL;
      X509  *signer;
      STACK_OF(X509) *chain = NULL;
      char  buf[4096];
      int   i, j = 0, ret = 0;
      BIO   *p7bio = NULL;

      /* Some sanity checks first. */
      if (!token)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_RESP_VERIFY_SIGNATURE, TS_R_INVALID_NULL_POINTER);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Check for the correct content type */
      if(!PKCS7_type_is_signed(token))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_RESP_VERIFY_SIGNATURE, TS_R_WRONG_CONTENT_TYPE);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Check if there is one and only one signer. */
      sinfos = PKCS7_get_signer_info(token);
      if (!sinfos || sk_PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO_num(sinfos) != 1)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_RESP_VERIFY_SIGNATURE,
                  TS_R_THERE_MUST_BE_ONE_SIGNER);
            goto err;
            }
      si = sk_PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO_value(sinfos, 0);

      /* Check for no content: no data to verify signature. */
      if (PKCS7_get_detached(token))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_RESP_VERIFY_SIGNATURE, TS_R_NO_CONTENT);
            goto err;
            }
      
      /* Get hold of the signer certificate, search only internal
         certificates if it was requested. */
      signers = PKCS7_get0_signers(token, certs, 0);
      if (!signers || sk_X509_num(signers) != 1) goto err;
      signer = sk_X509_value(signers, 0);

      /* Now verify the certificate. */
      if (!TS_verify_cert(store, certs, signer, &chain)) goto err;

      /* Check if the signer certificate is consistent with the
         ESS extension. */
      if (!TS_check_signing_certs(si, chain)) goto err;

      /* Creating the message digest. */
      p7bio = PKCS7_dataInit(token, NULL);

      /* We now have to 'read' from p7bio to calculate digests etc. */
      while ((i = BIO_read(p7bio,buf,sizeof(buf))) > 0);

      /* Verifying the signature. */
      j = PKCS7_signatureVerify(p7bio, token, si, signer);
      if (j <= 0)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_RESP_VERIFY_SIGNATURE, TS_R_SIGNATURE_FAILURE);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Return the signer certificate if needed. */
      if (signer_out)
            {
            *signer_out = signer;
            CRYPTO_add(&signer->references, 1, CRYPTO_LOCK_X509);
            }

      ret = 1;

 err:
      BIO_free_all(p7bio);
      sk_X509_pop_free(chain, X509_free);
      sk_X509_free(signers);

      return ret;
      }

/*
 * The certificate chain is returned in chain. Caller is responsible for
 * freeing the vector.
 */
static int TS_verify_cert(X509_STORE *store, STACK_OF(X509) *untrusted,
                    X509 *signer, STACK_OF(X509) **chain)
      {
      X509_STORE_CTX    cert_ctx;
      int i;
      int ret = 1;

      /* chain is an out argument. */
      *chain = NULL;
      X509_STORE_CTX_init(&cert_ctx, store, signer, untrusted);
      X509_STORE_CTX_set_purpose(&cert_ctx, X509_PURPOSE_TIMESTAMP_SIGN);
      i = X509_verify_cert(&cert_ctx);
      if (i <= 0)
            {
            int j = X509_STORE_CTX_get_error(&cert_ctx);
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_VERIFY_CERT, TS_R_CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_ERROR);
            ERR_add_error_data(2, "Verify error:",
                           X509_verify_cert_error_string(j));
            ret = 0;
            }
      else
            {
            /* Get a copy of the certificate chain. */
            *chain = X509_STORE_CTX_get1_chain(&cert_ctx);
            }

      X509_STORE_CTX_cleanup(&cert_ctx);

      return ret;
      }

static int TS_check_signing_certs(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, STACK_OF(X509) *chain)
      {
      ESS_SIGNING_CERT *ss = ESS_get_signing_cert(si);
      STACK_OF(ESS_CERT_ID) *cert_ids = NULL;
      X509 *cert;
      int i = 0;
      int ret = 0;

      if (!ss) goto err;
      cert_ids = ss->cert_ids;
      /* The signer certificate must be the first in cert_ids. */
      cert = sk_X509_value(chain, 0);
      if (TS_find_cert(cert_ids, cert) != 0) goto err;
      
      /* Check the other certificates of the chain if there are more
         than one certificate ids in cert_ids. */
      if (sk_ESS_CERT_ID_num(cert_ids) > 1)
            {
            /* All the certificates of the chain must be in cert_ids. */
            for (i = 1; i < sk_X509_num(chain); ++i)
                  {
                  cert = sk_X509_value(chain, i);
                  if (TS_find_cert(cert_ids, cert) < 0) goto err;
                  }
            }
      ret = 1;
 err:
      if (!ret)
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_SIGNING_CERTS, 
                  TS_R_ESS_SIGNING_CERTIFICATE_ERROR);
      ESS_SIGNING_CERT_free(ss);
      return ret;
      }

static ESS_SIGNING_CERT *ESS_get_signing_cert(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si)
      {
      ASN1_TYPE *attr;
      const unsigned char *p;
      attr = PKCS7_get_signed_attribute(si, 
                                NID_id_smime_aa_signingCertificate);
      if (!attr) return NULL;
      p = attr->value.sequence->data;
      return d2i_ESS_SIGNING_CERT(NULL, &p, attr->value.sequence->length);
      }

/* Returns < 0 if certificate is not found, certificate index otherwise. */
static int TS_find_cert(STACK_OF(ESS_CERT_ID) *cert_ids, X509 *cert)
      {
      int i;

      if (!cert_ids || !cert) return -1;

      /* Recompute SHA1 hash of certificate if necessary (side effect). */
      X509_check_purpose(cert, -1, 0);

      /* Look for cert in the cert_ids vector. */
      for (i = 0; i < sk_ESS_CERT_ID_num(cert_ids); ++i)
            {
            ESS_CERT_ID *cid = sk_ESS_CERT_ID_value(cert_ids, i);

            /* Check the SHA-1 hash first. */
            if (cid->hash->length == sizeof(cert->sha1_hash)
                && !memcmp(cid->hash->data, cert->sha1_hash,
                         sizeof(cert->sha1_hash)))
                  {
                  /* Check the issuer/serial as well if specified. */
                  ESS_ISSUER_SERIAL *is = cid->issuer_serial;
                  if (!is || !TS_issuer_serial_cmp(is, cert->cert_info))
                        return i;
                  }
            }
      
      return -1;
      }

static int TS_issuer_serial_cmp(ESS_ISSUER_SERIAL *is, X509_CINF *cinfo)
      {
      GENERAL_NAME *issuer;

      if (!is || !cinfo || sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(is->issuer) != 1) return -1;

      /* Check the issuer first. It must be a directory name. */
      issuer = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(is->issuer, 0);
      if (issuer->type != GEN_DIRNAME 
          || X509_NAME_cmp(issuer->d.dirn, cinfo->issuer))
            return -1;

      /* Check the serial number, too. */
      if (ASN1_INTEGER_cmp(is->serial, cinfo->serialNumber))
            return -1;

      return 0;
      }

/*
 * Verifies whether 'response' contains a valid response with regards 
 * to the settings of the context:
 *    - Gives an error message if the TS_TST_INFO is not present.
 *    - Calls _TS_RESP_verify_token to verify the token content.
 */
int TS_RESP_verify_response(TS_VERIFY_CTX *ctx, TS_RESP *response)
      {
      PKCS7 *token = TS_RESP_get_token(response);
      TS_TST_INFO *tst_info = TS_RESP_get_tst_info(response);
      int ret = 0;

      /* Check if we have a successful TS_TST_INFO object in place. */
      if (!TS_check_status_info(response)) goto err;

      /* Check the contents of the time stamp token. */
      if (!int_TS_RESP_verify_token(ctx, token, tst_info))
            goto err;

      ret = 1;
 err:
      return ret;
      }

/*
 * Tries to extract a TS_TST_INFO structure from the PKCS7 token and
 * calls the internal int_TS_RESP_verify_token function for verifying it.
 */
int TS_RESP_verify_token(TS_VERIFY_CTX *ctx, PKCS7 *token)
      {
      TS_TST_INFO *tst_info = PKCS7_to_TS_TST_INFO(token);
      int ret = 0;
      if (tst_info)
            {
            ret = int_TS_RESP_verify_token(ctx, token, tst_info);
            TS_TST_INFO_free(tst_info);
            }
      return ret;
      }

/*
 * Verifies whether the 'token' contains a valid time stamp token 
 * with regards to the settings of the context. Only those checks are
 * carried out that are specified in the context:
 *    - Verifies the signature of the TS_TST_INFO.
 *    - Checks the version number of the response.
 *    - Check if the requested and returned policies math.
 *    - Check if the message imprints are the same.
 *    - Check if the nonces are the same.
 *    - Check if the TSA name matches the signer.
 *    - Check if the TSA name is the expected TSA.
 */
static int int_TS_RESP_verify_token(TS_VERIFY_CTX *ctx, 
                         PKCS7 *token, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info)
      {
      X509 *signer = NULL;
      GENERAL_NAME *tsa_name = TS_TST_INFO_get_tsa(tst_info);
      X509_ALGOR *md_alg = NULL;
      unsigned char *imprint = NULL;
      unsigned imprint_len = 0;
      int ret = 0;

      /* Verify the signature. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_SIGNATURE)
          && !TS_RESP_verify_signature(token, ctx->certs, ctx->store,
                               &signer))
            goto err;
      
      /* Check version number of response. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_VERSION)
          && TS_TST_INFO_get_version(tst_info) != 1)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_INT_TS_RESP_VERIFY_TOKEN, TS_R_UNSUPPORTED_VERSION);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Check policies. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_POLICY)
          && !TS_check_policy(ctx->policy, tst_info))
            goto err;
      
      /* Check message imprints. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_IMPRINT)
          && !TS_check_imprints(ctx->md_alg, ctx->imprint, ctx->imprint_len,
                          tst_info)) 
            goto err;

      /* Compute and check message imprints. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_DATA)
          && (!TS_compute_imprint(ctx->data, tst_info,
                            &md_alg, &imprint, &imprint_len)
          || !TS_check_imprints(md_alg, imprint, imprint_len, tst_info)))
            goto err;

      /* Check nonces. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_NONCE)
          && !TS_check_nonces(ctx->nonce, tst_info))
            goto err;

      /* Check whether TSA name and signer certificate match. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_SIGNER)
          && tsa_name && !TS_check_signer_name(tsa_name, signer))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_INT_TS_RESP_VERIFY_TOKEN, TS_R_TSA_NAME_MISMATCH);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Check whether the TSA is the expected one. */
      if ((ctx->flags & TS_VFY_TSA_NAME)
          && !TS_check_signer_name(ctx->tsa_name, signer))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_INT_TS_RESP_VERIFY_TOKEN, TS_R_TSA_UNTRUSTED);
            goto err;
            }

      ret = 1;
 err:
      X509_free(signer);
      X509_ALGOR_free(md_alg);
      OPENSSL_free(imprint);
      return ret;
      }

static int TS_check_status_info(TS_RESP *response)
      {
      TS_STATUS_INFO *info = TS_RESP_get_status_info(response);
      long status = ASN1_INTEGER_get(info->status);
      const char *status_text = NULL;
      char *embedded_status_text = NULL;
      char failure_text[TS_STATUS_BUF_SIZE] = "";

      /* Check if everything went fine. */
      if (status == 0 || status == 1) return 1;

      /* There was an error, get the description in status_text. */
      if (0 <= status && status < (long)TS_STATUS_TEXT_SIZE)
            status_text = TS_status_text[status];
      else
            status_text = "unknown code";

      /* Set the embedded_status_text to the returned description. */
      if (sk_ASN1_UTF8STRING_num(info->text) > 0
          && !(embedded_status_text = TS_get_status_text(info->text)))
            return 0;
      
      /* Filling in failure_text with the failure information. */
      if (info->failure_info)
            {
            int i;
            int first = 1;
            for (i = 0; i < (int)TS_FAILURE_INFO_SIZE; ++i)
                  {
                  if (ASN1_BIT_STRING_get_bit(info->failure_info,
                                        TS_failure_info[i].code))
                        {
                        if (!first)
                              strcpy(failure_text, ",");
                        else
                              first = 0;
                        strcat(failure_text, TS_failure_info[i].text);
                        }
                  }
            }
      if (failure_text[0] == '\0')
            strcpy(failure_text, "unspecified");

      /* Making up the error string. */
      TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_STATUS_INFO, TS_R_NO_TIME_STAMP_TOKEN);
      ERR_add_error_data(6,
                     "status code: ", status_text,
                     ", status text: ", embedded_status_text ? 
                     embedded_status_text : "unspecified",
                     ", failure codes: ", failure_text);
      OPENSSL_free(embedded_status_text);

      return 0;
      }

static char *TS_get_status_text(STACK_OF(ASN1_UTF8STRING) *text)
      {
      int i;
      unsigned int length = 0;
      char *result = NULL;
      char *p;

      /* Determine length first. */
      for (i = 0; i < sk_ASN1_UTF8STRING_num(text); ++i)
            {
            ASN1_UTF8STRING *current = sk_ASN1_UTF8STRING_value(text, i);
            length += ASN1_STRING_length(current);
            length += 1;      /* separator character */
            }
      /* Allocate memory (closing '\0' included). */
      if (!(result = OPENSSL_malloc(length)))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_GET_STATUS_TEXT, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
            return NULL;
            }
      /* Concatenate the descriptions. */
      for (i = 0, p = result; i < sk_ASN1_UTF8STRING_num(text); ++i)
            {
            ASN1_UTF8STRING *current = sk_ASN1_UTF8STRING_value(text, i);
            length = ASN1_STRING_length(current);
            if (i > 0) *p++ = '/';
            strncpy(p, (const char *)ASN1_STRING_data(current), length);
            p += length;
            }
      /* We do have space for this, too. */
      *p = '\0';
      
      return result;
      }

static int TS_check_policy(ASN1_OBJECT *req_oid, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info)
      {
      ASN1_OBJECT *resp_oid = TS_TST_INFO_get_policy_id(tst_info);

      if (OBJ_cmp(req_oid, resp_oid) != 0)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_POLICY, TS_R_POLICY_MISMATCH);
            return 0;
            }

      return 1;
      }

static int TS_compute_imprint(BIO *data, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info,
                        X509_ALGOR **md_alg, 
                        unsigned char **imprint, unsigned *imprint_len)
      {
      TS_MSG_IMPRINT *msg_imprint = TS_TST_INFO_get_msg_imprint(tst_info);
      X509_ALGOR *md_alg_resp = TS_MSG_IMPRINT_get_algo(msg_imprint);
      const EVP_MD *md;
      EVP_MD_CTX md_ctx;
      unsigned char buffer[4096];
      int length;

      *md_alg = NULL;
      *imprint = NULL;

      /* Return the MD algorithm of the response. */
      if (!(*md_alg = X509_ALGOR_dup(md_alg_resp))) goto err;

      /* Getting the MD object. */
      if (!(md = EVP_get_digestbyobj((*md_alg)->algorithm)))
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_COMPUTE_IMPRINT, TS_R_UNSUPPORTED_MD_ALGORITHM);
            goto err;
            }

      /* Compute message digest. */
      length = EVP_MD_size(md);
      if (length < 0)
          goto err;
      *imprint_len = length;
      if (!(*imprint = OPENSSL_malloc(*imprint_len))) 
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_COMPUTE_IMPRINT, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
            goto err;
            }

      EVP_DigestInit(&md_ctx, md);
      while ((length = BIO_read(data, buffer, sizeof(buffer))) > 0)
            {
            EVP_DigestUpdate(&md_ctx, buffer, length);
            }
      EVP_DigestFinal(&md_ctx, *imprint, NULL);

      return 1;
 err:
      X509_ALGOR_free(*md_alg);
      OPENSSL_free(*imprint);
      *imprint_len = 0;
      return 0;
      }

static int TS_check_imprints(X509_ALGOR *algor_a, 
                       unsigned char *imprint_a, unsigned len_a,
                       TS_TST_INFO *tst_info)
      {
      TS_MSG_IMPRINT *b = TS_TST_INFO_get_msg_imprint(tst_info);
      X509_ALGOR *algor_b = TS_MSG_IMPRINT_get_algo(b);
      int ret = 0;

      /* algor_a is optional. */
      if (algor_a)
            {
            /* Compare algorithm OIDs. */
            if (OBJ_cmp(algor_a->algorithm, algor_b->algorithm)) goto err;

            /* The parameter must be NULL in both. */
            if ((algor_a->parameter 
                 && ASN1_TYPE_get(algor_a->parameter) != V_ASN1_NULL)
                || (algor_b->parameter
                  && ASN1_TYPE_get(algor_b->parameter) != V_ASN1_NULL))
                  goto err;
            }

      /* Compare octet strings. */
      ret = len_a == (unsigned) ASN1_STRING_length(b->hashed_msg) &&
            memcmp(imprint_a, ASN1_STRING_data(b->hashed_msg), len_a) == 0;
 err:
      if (!ret)
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_IMPRINTS, TS_R_MESSAGE_IMPRINT_MISMATCH);
      return ret;
      }

static int TS_check_nonces(const ASN1_INTEGER *a, TS_TST_INFO *tst_info)
      {
      const ASN1_INTEGER *b = TS_TST_INFO_get_nonce(tst_info);

      /* Error if nonce is missing. */
      if (!b)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_NONCES, TS_R_NONCE_NOT_RETURNED);
            return 0;
            }

      /* No error if a nonce is returned without being requested. */
      if (ASN1_INTEGER_cmp(a, b) != 0)
            {
            TSerr(TS_F_TS_CHECK_NONCES, TS_R_NONCE_MISMATCH);
            return 0;
            }

      return 1;
      }

/* Check if the specified TSA name matches either the subject
   or one of the subject alternative names of the TSA certificate. */
static int TS_check_signer_name(GENERAL_NAME *tsa_name, X509 *signer)
      {
      STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *gen_names = NULL;
      int idx = -1;
      int found = 0;

      /* Check the subject name first. */
      if (tsa_name->type == GEN_DIRNAME 
          && X509_name_cmp(tsa_name->d.dirn, signer->cert_info->subject) == 0)
            return 1;

      /* Check all the alternative names. */
      gen_names = X509_get_ext_d2i(signer, NID_subject_alt_name,
                             NULL, &idx);
      while (gen_names != NULL
             && !(found = TS_find_name(gen_names, tsa_name) >= 0))
            {
            /* Get the next subject alternative name,
               although there should be no more than one. */
            GENERAL_NAMES_free(gen_names);
            gen_names = X509_get_ext_d2i(signer, NID_subject_alt_name,
                                   NULL, &idx);
            }
      if (gen_names) GENERAL_NAMES_free(gen_names);
      
      return found;
      }

/* Returns 1 if name is in gen_names, 0 otherwise. */
static int TS_find_name(STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) *gen_names, GENERAL_NAME *name)
      {
      int i, found;
      for (i = 0, found = 0; !found && i < sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(gen_names);
           ++i)
            {
            GENERAL_NAME *current = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(gen_names, i);
            found = GENERAL_NAME_cmp(current, name) == 0;
            }
      return found ? i - 1 : -1;
      }

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