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p5_crpt2.c

/* p5_crpt2.c */
/* Written by Dr Stephen N Henson (steve@openssl.org) for the OpenSSL
 * project 1999.
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2006 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    licensing@OpenSSL.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "cryptlib.h"
#if !defined(OPENSSL_NO_HMAC) && !defined(OPENSSL_NO_SHA)
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/hmac.h>

/* set this to print out info about the keygen algorithm */
/* #define DEBUG_PKCS5V2 */

#ifdef DEBUG_PKCS5V2
      static void h__dump (const unsigned char *p, int len);
#endif

/* This is an implementation of PKCS#5 v2.0 password based encryption key
 * derivation function PBKDF2.
 * SHA1 version verified against test vectors posted by Peter Gutmann
 * <pgut001@cs.auckland.ac.nz> to the PKCS-TNG <pkcs-tng@rsa.com> mailing list.
 */

int PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC(const char *pass, int passlen,
                     const unsigned char *salt, int saltlen, int iter,
                     const EVP_MD *digest,
                     int keylen, unsigned char *out)
      {
      unsigned char digtmp[EVP_MAX_MD_SIZE], *p, itmp[4];
      int cplen, j, k, tkeylen, mdlen;
      unsigned long i = 1;
      HMAC_CTX hctx;

      mdlen = EVP_MD_size(digest);
      if (mdlen < 0)
            return 0;

      HMAC_CTX_init(&hctx);
      p = out;
      tkeylen = keylen;
      if(!pass)
            passlen = 0;
      else if(passlen == -1)
            passlen = strlen(pass);
      while(tkeylen)
            {
            if(tkeylen > mdlen)
                  cplen = mdlen;
            else
                  cplen = tkeylen;
            /* We are unlikely to ever use more than 256 blocks (5120 bits!)
             * but just in case...
             */
            itmp[0] = (unsigned char)((i >> 24) & 0xff);
            itmp[1] = (unsigned char)((i >> 16) & 0xff);
            itmp[2] = (unsigned char)((i >> 8) & 0xff);
            itmp[3] = (unsigned char)(i & 0xff);
            HMAC_Init_ex(&hctx, pass, passlen, digest, NULL);
            HMAC_Update(&hctx, salt, saltlen);
            HMAC_Update(&hctx, itmp, 4);
            HMAC_Final(&hctx, digtmp, NULL);
            memcpy(p, digtmp, cplen);
            for(j = 1; j < iter; j++)
                  {
                  HMAC(digest, pass, passlen,
                         digtmp, mdlen, digtmp, NULL);
                  for(k = 0; k < cplen; k++)
                        p[k] ^= digtmp[k];
                  }
            tkeylen-= cplen;
            i++;
            p+= cplen;
            }
      HMAC_CTX_cleanup(&hctx);
#ifdef DEBUG_PKCS5V2
      fprintf(stderr, "Password:\n");
      h__dump (pass, passlen);
      fprintf(stderr, "Salt:\n");
      h__dump (salt, saltlen);
      fprintf(stderr, "Iteration count %d\n", iter);
      fprintf(stderr, "Key:\n");
      h__dump (out, keylen);
#endif
      return 1;
      }

int PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1(const char *pass, int passlen,
                     const unsigned char *salt, int saltlen, int iter,
                     int keylen, unsigned char *out)
      {
      return PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC(pass, passlen, salt, saltlen, iter, EVP_sha1(),
                              keylen, out);
      }

#ifdef DO_TEST
main()
{
      unsigned char out[4];
      unsigned char salt[] = {0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78};
      PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1("password", -1, salt, 4, 5, 4, out);
      fprintf(stderr, "Out %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
                               out[0], out[1], out[2], out[3]);
}

#endif

/* Now the key derivation function itself. This is a bit evil because
 * it has to check the ASN1 parameters are valid: and there are quite a
 * few of them...
 */

int PKCS5_v2_PBE_keyivgen(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, const char *pass, int passlen,
                         ASN1_TYPE *param, const EVP_CIPHER *c, const EVP_MD *md,
                         int en_de)
{
      unsigned char *salt, key[EVP_MAX_KEY_LENGTH];
      const unsigned char *pbuf;
      int saltlen, iter, plen;
      unsigned int keylen;
      PBE2PARAM *pbe2 = NULL;
      const EVP_CIPHER *cipher;
      PBKDF2PARAM *kdf = NULL;
      const EVP_MD *prfmd;
      int prf_nid, hmac_md_nid;

      if (param == NULL || param->type != V_ASN1_SEQUENCE ||
          param->value.sequence == NULL) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,EVP_R_DECODE_ERROR);
            return 0;
      }

      pbuf = param->value.sequence->data;
      plen = param->value.sequence->length;
      if(!(pbe2 = d2i_PBE2PARAM(NULL, &pbuf, plen))) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,EVP_R_DECODE_ERROR);
            return 0;
      }

      /* See if we recognise the key derivation function */

      if(OBJ_obj2nid(pbe2->keyfunc->algorithm) != NID_id_pbkdf2) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,
                        EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_KEY_DERIVATION_FUNCTION);
            goto err;
      }

      /* lets see if we recognise the encryption algorithm.
       */

      cipher = EVP_get_cipherbyobj(pbe2->encryption->algorithm);

      if(!cipher) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,
                                    EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_CIPHER);
            goto err;
      }

      /* Fixup cipher based on AlgorithmIdentifier */
      EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, cipher, NULL, NULL, NULL, en_de);
      if(EVP_CIPHER_asn1_to_param(ctx, pbe2->encryption->parameter) < 0) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,
                              EVP_R_CIPHER_PARAMETER_ERROR);
            goto err;
      }
      keylen = EVP_CIPHER_CTX_key_length(ctx);
      OPENSSL_assert(keylen <= sizeof key);

      /* Now decode key derivation function */

      if(!pbe2->keyfunc->parameter ||
             (pbe2->keyfunc->parameter->type != V_ASN1_SEQUENCE))
            {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,EVP_R_DECODE_ERROR);
            goto err;
            }

      pbuf = pbe2->keyfunc->parameter->value.sequence->data;
      plen = pbe2->keyfunc->parameter->value.sequence->length;
      if(!(kdf = d2i_PBKDF2PARAM(NULL, &pbuf, plen)) ) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,EVP_R_DECODE_ERROR);
            goto err;
      }

      PBE2PARAM_free(pbe2);
      pbe2 = NULL;

      /* Now check the parameters of the kdf */

      if(kdf->keylength && (ASN1_INTEGER_get(kdf->keylength) != (int)keylen)){
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,
                                    EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_KEYLENGTH);
            goto err;
      }

      if (kdf->prf)
            prf_nid = OBJ_obj2nid(kdf->prf->algorithm);
      else
            prf_nid = NID_hmacWithSHA1;

      if (!EVP_PBE_find(EVP_PBE_TYPE_PRF, prf_nid, NULL, &hmac_md_nid, 0))
            {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN, EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_PRF);
            goto err;
            }

      prfmd = EVP_get_digestbynid(hmac_md_nid);
      if (prfmd == NULL)
            {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN, EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_PRF);
            goto err;
            }

      if(kdf->salt->type != V_ASN1_OCTET_STRING) {
            EVPerr(EVP_F_PKCS5_V2_PBE_KEYIVGEN,
                                    EVP_R_UNSUPPORTED_SALT_TYPE);
            goto err;
      }

      /* it seems that its all OK */
      salt = kdf->salt->value.octet_string->data;
      saltlen = kdf->salt->value.octet_string->length;
      iter = ASN1_INTEGER_get(kdf->iter);
      if(!PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC(pass, passlen, salt, saltlen, iter, prfmd,
                                       keylen, key))
            goto err;
      EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, key, NULL, en_de);
      OPENSSL_cleanse(key, keylen);
      PBKDF2PARAM_free(kdf);
      return 1;

      err:
      PBE2PARAM_free(pbe2);
      PBKDF2PARAM_free(kdf);
      return 0;
}

#ifdef DEBUG_PKCS5V2
static void h__dump (const unsigned char *p, int len)
{
        for (; len --; p++) fprintf(stderr, "%02X ", *p);
        fprintf(stderr, "\n");
}
#endif
#endif

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