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x_name.c

/* crypto/asn1/x_name.c */
/* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This package is an SSL implementation written
 * by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
 * The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
 * 
 * This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
 * the following conditions are aheared to.  The following conditions
 * apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
 * lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code.  The SSL documentation
 * included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
 * except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 * 
 * Copyright remains Eric Young's, and as such any Copyright notices in
 * the code are not to be removed.
 * If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
 * as the author of the parts of the library used.
 * This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
 * in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes cryptographic software written by
 *     Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
 *    The word 'cryptographic' can be left out if the rouines from the library
 *    being used are not cryptographic related :-).
 * 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from 
 *    the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)"
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 * 
 * The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
 * derivative of this code cannot be changed.  i.e. this code cannot simply be
 * copied and put under another distribution licence
 * [including the GNU Public Licence.]
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include "cryptlib.h"
#include <openssl/asn1t.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include "asn1_locl.h"

typedef STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY;
DECLARE_STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY)

static int x509_name_ex_d2i(ASN1_VALUE **val,
                        const unsigned char **in, long len,
                        const ASN1_ITEM *it,
                        int tag, int aclass, char opt, ASN1_TLC *ctx);

static int x509_name_ex_i2d(ASN1_VALUE **val, unsigned char **out,
                        const ASN1_ITEM *it, int tag, int aclass);
static int x509_name_ex_new(ASN1_VALUE **val, const ASN1_ITEM *it);
static void x509_name_ex_free(ASN1_VALUE **val, const ASN1_ITEM *it);

static int x509_name_encode(X509_NAME *a);
static int x509_name_canon(X509_NAME *a);
static int asn1_string_canon(ASN1_STRING *out, ASN1_STRING *in);
static int i2d_name_canon(STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY) *intname,
                    unsigned char **in);


static int x509_name_ex_print(BIO *out, ASN1_VALUE **pval,
                                    int indent,
                                    const char *fname, 
                                    const ASN1_PCTX *pctx);

ASN1_SEQUENCE(X509_NAME_ENTRY) = {
      ASN1_SIMPLE(X509_NAME_ENTRY, object, ASN1_OBJECT),
      ASN1_SIMPLE(X509_NAME_ENTRY, value, ASN1_PRINTABLE)
} ASN1_SEQUENCE_END(X509_NAME_ENTRY)

IMPLEMENT_ASN1_FUNCTIONS(X509_NAME_ENTRY)
IMPLEMENT_ASN1_DUP_FUNCTION(X509_NAME_ENTRY)

/* For the "Name" type we need a SEQUENCE OF { SET OF X509_NAME_ENTRY }
 * so declare two template wrappers for this
 */

ASN1_ITEM_TEMPLATE(X509_NAME_ENTRIES) =
      ASN1_EX_TEMPLATE_TYPE(ASN1_TFLG_SET_OF, 0, RDNS, X509_NAME_ENTRY)
ASN1_ITEM_TEMPLATE_END(X509_NAME_ENTRIES)

ASN1_ITEM_TEMPLATE(X509_NAME_INTERNAL) =
      ASN1_EX_TEMPLATE_TYPE(ASN1_TFLG_SEQUENCE_OF, 0, Name, X509_NAME_ENTRIES)
ASN1_ITEM_TEMPLATE_END(X509_NAME_INTERNAL)

/* Normally that's where it would end: we'd have two nested STACK structures
 * representing the ASN1. Unfortunately X509_NAME uses a completely different
 * form and caches encodings so we have to process the internal form and convert
 * to the external form.
 */

const ASN1_EXTERN_FUNCS x509_name_ff = {
      NULL,
      x509_name_ex_new,
      x509_name_ex_free,
      0,    /* Default clear behaviour is OK */
      x509_name_ex_d2i,
      x509_name_ex_i2d,
      x509_name_ex_print
};

IMPLEMENT_EXTERN_ASN1(X509_NAME, V_ASN1_SEQUENCE, x509_name_ff) 

IMPLEMENT_ASN1_FUNCTIONS(X509_NAME)
IMPLEMENT_ASN1_DUP_FUNCTION(X509_NAME)

static int x509_name_ex_new(ASN1_VALUE **val, const ASN1_ITEM *it)
{
      X509_NAME *ret = NULL;
      ret = OPENSSL_malloc(sizeof(X509_NAME));
      if(!ret) goto memerr;
      if ((ret->entries=sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_new_null()) == NULL)
            goto memerr;
      if((ret->bytes = BUF_MEM_new()) == NULL) goto memerr;
      ret->canon_enc = NULL;
      ret->canon_enclen = 0;
      ret->modified=1;
      *val = (ASN1_VALUE *)ret;
      return 1;

 memerr:
      ASN1err(ASN1_F_X509_NAME_EX_NEW, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
      if (ret)
            {
            if (ret->entries)
                  sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(ret->entries);
            OPENSSL_free(ret);
            }
      return 0;
}

static void x509_name_ex_free(ASN1_VALUE **pval, const ASN1_ITEM *it)
{
      X509_NAME *a;
      if(!pval || !*pval)
          return;
      a = (X509_NAME *)*pval;

      BUF_MEM_free(a->bytes);
      sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(a->entries,X509_NAME_ENTRY_free);
      if (a->canon_enc)
            OPENSSL_free(a->canon_enc);
      OPENSSL_free(a);
      *pval = NULL;
}

static int x509_name_ex_d2i(ASN1_VALUE **val,
                  const unsigned char **in, long len, const ASN1_ITEM *it,
                        int tag, int aclass, char opt, ASN1_TLC *ctx)
{
      const unsigned char *p = *in, *q;
      union { STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY) *s;
            ASN1_VALUE *a; } intname = {NULL};
      union { X509_NAME *x; ASN1_VALUE *a; } nm = {NULL};
      int i, j, ret;
      STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *entries;
      X509_NAME_ENTRY *entry;
      q = p;

      /* Get internal representation of Name */
      ret = ASN1_item_ex_d2i(&intname.a,
                         &p, len, ASN1_ITEM_rptr(X509_NAME_INTERNAL),
                         tag, aclass, opt, ctx);
      
      if(ret <= 0) return ret;

      if(*val) x509_name_ex_free(val, NULL);
      if(!x509_name_ex_new(&nm.a, NULL)) goto err;
      /* We've decoded it: now cache encoding */
      if(!BUF_MEM_grow(nm.x->bytes, p - q)) goto err;
      memcpy(nm.x->bytes->data, q, p - q);

      /* Convert internal representation to X509_NAME structure */
      for(i = 0; i < sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(intname.s); i++) {
            entries = sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(intname.s, i);
            for(j = 0; j < sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(entries); j++) {
                  entry = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(entries, j);
                  entry->set = i;
                  if(!sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_push(nm.x->entries, entry))
                        goto err;
            }
            sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(entries);
      }
      sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(intname.s);
      ret = x509_name_canon(nm.x);
      if (!ret)
            goto err;
      nm.x->modified = 0;
      *val = nm.a;
      *in = p;
      return ret;
      err:
      ASN1err(ASN1_F_X509_NAME_EX_D2I, ERR_R_NESTED_ASN1_ERROR);
      return 0;
}

static int x509_name_ex_i2d(ASN1_VALUE **val, unsigned char **out, const ASN1_ITEM *it, int tag, int aclass)
{
      int ret;
      X509_NAME *a = (X509_NAME *)*val;
      if(a->modified) {
            ret = x509_name_encode(a);
            if(ret < 0)
                  return ret;
            ret = x509_name_canon(a);
            if(ret < 0)
                  return ret;
      }
      ret = a->bytes->length;
      if(out != NULL) {
            memcpy(*out,a->bytes->data,ret);
            *out+=ret;
      }
      return ret;
}

static void local_sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *ne)
      {
      sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(ne);
      }

static void local_sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *ne)
      {
      sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(ne, X509_NAME_ENTRY_free);
      }

static int x509_name_encode(X509_NAME *a)
{
      union { STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY) *s;
            ASN1_VALUE *a; } intname = {NULL};
      int len;
      unsigned char *p;
      STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *entries = NULL;
      X509_NAME_ENTRY *entry;
      int i, set = -1;
      intname.s = sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_new_null();
      if(!intname.s) goto memerr;
      for(i = 0; i < sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(a->entries); i++) {
            entry = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(a->entries, i);
            if(entry->set != set) {
                  entries = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_new_null();
                  if(!entries) goto memerr;
                  if(!sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_push(intname.s,
                                               entries))
                        goto memerr;
                  set = entry->set;
            }
            if(!sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_push(entries, entry)) goto memerr;
      }
      len = ASN1_item_ex_i2d(&intname.a, NULL,
                         ASN1_ITEM_rptr(X509_NAME_INTERNAL), -1, -1);
      if (!BUF_MEM_grow(a->bytes,len)) goto memerr;
      p=(unsigned char *)a->bytes->data;
      ASN1_item_ex_i2d(&intname.a,
                   &p, ASN1_ITEM_rptr(X509_NAME_INTERNAL), -1, -1);
      sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(intname.s,
                                   local_sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free);
      a->modified = 0;
      return len;
memerr:
      sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(intname.s,
                                   local_sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_free);
      ASN1err(ASN1_F_X509_NAME_ENCODE, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
      return -1;
}

static int x509_name_ex_print(BIO *out, ASN1_VALUE **pval,
                                    int indent,
                                    const char *fname, 
                                    const ASN1_PCTX *pctx)
      {
      if (X509_NAME_print_ex(out, (X509_NAME *)*pval,
                              indent, pctx->nm_flags) <= 0)
            return 0;
      return 2;
      }

/* This function generates the canonical encoding of the Name structure.
 * In it all strings are converted to UTF8, leading, trailing and
 * multiple spaces collapsed, converted to lower case and the leading
 * SEQUENCE header removed.
 *
 * In future we could also normalize the UTF8 too.
 *
 * By doing this comparison of Name structures can be rapidly
 * perfomed by just using memcmp() of the canonical encoding.
 * By omitting the leading SEQUENCE name constraints of type
 * dirName can also be checked with a simple memcmp().
 */

static int x509_name_canon(X509_NAME *a)
      {
      unsigned char *p;
      STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY) *intname = NULL;
      STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY) *entries = NULL;
      X509_NAME_ENTRY *entry, *tmpentry = NULL;
      int i, set = -1, ret = 0;

      if (a->canon_enc)
            {
            OPENSSL_free(a->canon_enc);
            a->canon_enc = NULL;
            }
      /* Special case: empty X509_NAME => null encoding */
      if (sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(a->entries) == 0)
            {
            a->canon_enclen = 0;
            return 1;
            }
      intname = sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_new_null();
      if(!intname)
            goto err;
      for(i = 0; i < sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_num(a->entries); i++)
            {
            entry = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_value(a->entries, i);
            if(entry->set != set)
                  {
                  entries = sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_new_null();
                  if(!entries)
                        goto err;
                  if(!sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_push(intname, entries))
                        goto err;
                  set = entry->set;
                  }
            tmpentry = X509_NAME_ENTRY_new();
            tmpentry->object = OBJ_dup(entry->object);
            if (!asn1_string_canon(tmpentry->value, entry->value))
                  goto err;
            if(!sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_push(entries, tmpentry))
                  goto err;
            tmpentry = NULL;
            }

      /* Finally generate encoding */

      a->canon_enclen = i2d_name_canon(intname, NULL);

      p = OPENSSL_malloc(a->canon_enclen);

      if (!p)
            goto err;

      a->canon_enc = p;

      i2d_name_canon(intname, &p);

      ret = 1;

      err:

      if (tmpentry)
            X509_NAME_ENTRY_free(tmpentry);
      if (intname)
            sk_STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free(intname,
                              local_sk_X509_NAME_ENTRY_pop_free);
      return ret;
      }

/* Bitmap of all the types of string that will be canonicalized. */

#define ASN1_MASK_CANON \
      (B_ASN1_UTF8STRING | B_ASN1_BMPSTRING | B_ASN1_UNIVERSALSTRING \
      | B_ASN1_PRINTABLESTRING | B_ASN1_T61STRING | B_ASN1_IA5STRING \
      | B_ASN1_VISIBLESTRING)
      

static int asn1_string_canon(ASN1_STRING *out, ASN1_STRING *in)
      {
      unsigned char *to, *from;
      int len, i;

      /* If type not in bitmask just copy string across */
      if (!(ASN1_tag2bit(in->type) & ASN1_MASK_CANON))
            {
            out->type = in->type;
            if (!ASN1_STRING_set(out, in->data, in->length))
                  return 0;
            return 1;
            }

      out->type = V_ASN1_UTF8STRING;
      out->length = ASN1_STRING_to_UTF8(&out->data, in);
      if (out->length == -1)
            return 0;

      to = out->data;
      from = to;

      len = out->length;

      /* Convert string in place to canonical form.
       * Ultimately we may need to handle a wider range of characters
       * but for now ignore anything with MSB set and rely on the
       * isspace() and tolower() functions.
       */

      /* Ignore leading spaces */
      while((len > 0) && !(*from & 0x80) && isspace(*from))
            {
            from++;
            len--;
            }

      to = from + len - 1;

      /* Ignore trailing spaces */
      while ((len > 0) && !(*to & 0x80) && isspace(*to))
            {
            to--;
            len--;
            }

      to = out->data;

      i = 0;
      while(i < len)
            {
            /* If MSB set just copy across */
            if (*from & 0x80)
                  {
                  *to++ = *from++;
                  i++;
                  }
            /* Collapse multiple spaces */
            else if (isspace(*from))
                  {
                  /* Copy one space across */
                  *to++ = ' ';
                  /* Ignore subsequent spaces. Note: don't need to
                   * check len here because we know the last 
                   * character is a non-space so we can't overflow.
                   */
                  do
                        {
                        from++;
                        i++;
                        }
                  while(!(*from & 0x80) && isspace(*from));
                  }
            else
                  {
                  *to++ = tolower(*from++);
                  i++;
                  }
            }

      out->length = to - out->data;

      return 1;

      }

static int i2d_name_canon(STACK_OF(STACK_OF_X509_NAME_ENTRY) *_intname,
                    unsigned char **in)
      {
      int i, len, ltmp;
      ASN1_VALUE *v;
      STACK_OF(ASN1_VALUE) *intname = (STACK_OF(ASN1_VALUE) *)_intname;

      len = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < sk_ASN1_VALUE_num(intname); i++)
            {
            v = sk_ASN1_VALUE_value(intname, i);
            ltmp = ASN1_item_ex_i2d(&v, in,
                  ASN1_ITEM_rptr(X509_NAME_ENTRIES), -1, -1);
            if (ltmp < 0)
                  return ltmp;
            len += ltmp;
            }
      return len;
      }

int X509_NAME_set(X509_NAME **xn, X509_NAME *name)
      {
      X509_NAME *in;

      if (!xn || !name) return(0);

      if (*xn != name)
            {
            in=X509_NAME_dup(name);
            if (in != NULL)
                  {
                  X509_NAME_free(*xn);
                  *xn=in;
                  }
            }
      return(*xn != NULL);
      }
      
IMPLEMENT_STACK_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY)
IMPLEMENT_ASN1_SET_OF(X509_NAME_ENTRY)

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