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genpkey.c

/* apps/genpkey.c */
/* Written by Dr Stephen N Henson (steve@openssl.org) for the OpenSSL
 * project 2006
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 2006 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    licensing@OpenSSL.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "apps.h"
#include <openssl/pem.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
#include <openssl/engine.h>
#endif

static int init_keygen_file(BIO *err, EVP_PKEY_CTX **pctx,
                        const char *file, ENGINE *e);
static int genpkey_cb(EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx);

#define PROG genpkey_main

int MAIN(int, char **);

int MAIN(int argc, char **argv)
      {
      ENGINE *e = NULL;
      char **args, *outfile = NULL;
      char *passarg = NULL;
      BIO *in = NULL, *out = NULL;
      const EVP_CIPHER *cipher = NULL;
      int outformat;
      int text = 0;
      EVP_PKEY *pkey=NULL;
      EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx = NULL;
      char *pass = NULL;
      int badarg = 0;
      int ret = 1, rv;

      int do_param = 0;

      if (bio_err == NULL)
            bio_err = BIO_new_fp (stderr, BIO_NOCLOSE);

      if (!load_config(bio_err, NULL))
            goto end;

      outformat=FORMAT_PEM;

      ERR_load_crypto_strings();
      OpenSSL_add_all_algorithms();
      args = argv + 1;
      while (!badarg && *args && *args[0] == '-')
            {
            if (!strcmp(*args,"-outform"))
                  {
                  if (args[1])
                        {
                        args++;
                        outformat=str2fmt(*args);
                        }
                  else badarg = 1;
                  }
            else if (!strcmp(*args,"-pass"))
                  {
                  if (!args[1]) goto bad;
                  passarg= *(++args);
                  }
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
            else if (strcmp(*args,"-engine") == 0)
                  {
                  if (!args[1])
                        goto bad;
                  e = setup_engine(bio_err, *(++args), 0);
                  }
#endif
            else if (!strcmp (*args, "-paramfile"))
                  {
                  if (!args[1])
                        goto bad;
                  args++;
                  if (do_param == 1)
                        goto bad;
                  if (!init_keygen_file(bio_err, &ctx, *args, e))
                        goto end;
                  }
            else if (!strcmp (*args, "-out"))
                  {
                  if (args[1])
                        {
                        args++;
                        outfile = *args;
                        }
                  else badarg = 1;
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*args,"-algorithm") == 0)
                  {
                  if (!args[1])
                        goto bad;
                  if (!init_gen_str(bio_err, &ctx, *(++args),e, do_param))
                        goto end;
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*args,"-pkeyopt") == 0)
                  {
                  if (!args[1])
                        goto bad;
                  if (!ctx)
                        {
                        BIO_puts(bio_err, "No keytype specified\n");
                        goto bad;
                        }
                  else if (pkey_ctrl_string(ctx, *(++args)) <= 0)
                        {
                        BIO_puts(bio_err, "parameter setting error\n");
                        ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                        goto end;
                        }
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*args,"-genparam") == 0)
                  {
                  if (ctx)
                        goto bad;
                  do_param = 1;
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*args,"-text") == 0)
                  text=1;
            else
                  {
                  cipher = EVP_get_cipherbyname(*args + 1);
                  if (!cipher)
                        {
                        BIO_printf(bio_err, "Unknown cipher %s\n",
                                                *args + 1);
                        badarg = 1;
                        }
                  if (do_param == 1)
                        badarg = 1;
                  }
            args++;
            }

      if (!ctx)
            badarg = 1;

      if (badarg)
            {
            bad:
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Usage: genpkey [options]\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "where options may be\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-out file          output file\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-outform X         output format (DER or PEM)\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-pass arg          output file pass phrase source\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-<cipher>          use cipher <cipher> to encrypt the key\n");
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-engine e          use engine e, possibly a hardware device.\n");
#endif
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-paramfile file    parameters file\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-algorithm alg     the public key algorithm\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-pkeyopt opt:value set the public key algorithm option <opt>\n"
                                    "                   to value <value>\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-genparam          generate parameters, not key\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "-text              print the in text\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "NB: options order may be important!  See the manual page.\n");
            goto end;
            }

      if (!app_passwd(bio_err, passarg, NULL, &pass, NULL))
            {
            BIO_puts(bio_err, "Error getting password\n");
            goto end;
            }

      if (outfile)
            {
            if (!(out = BIO_new_file (outfile, "wb")))
                  {
                  BIO_printf(bio_err,
                         "Can't open output file %s\n", outfile);
                  goto end;
                  }
            }
      else
            {
            out = BIO_new_fp (stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);
#ifdef OPENSSL_SYS_VMS
                  {
                  BIO *tmpbio = BIO_new(BIO_f_linebuffer());
                  out = BIO_push(tmpbio, out);
                  }
#endif
            }

      EVP_PKEY_CTX_set_cb(ctx, genpkey_cb);
      EVP_PKEY_CTX_set_app_data(ctx, bio_err);

      if (do_param)
            {
            if (EVP_PKEY_paramgen(ctx, &pkey) <= 0)
                  {
                  BIO_puts(bio_err, "Error generating parameters\n");
                  ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                  goto end;
                  }
            }
      else
            {
            if (EVP_PKEY_keygen(ctx, &pkey) <= 0)
                  {
                  BIO_puts(bio_err, "Error generating key\n");
                  ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                  goto end;
                  }
            }

      if (do_param)
            rv = PEM_write_bio_Parameters(out, pkey);
      else if (outformat == FORMAT_PEM) 
            rv = PEM_write_bio_PrivateKey(out, pkey, cipher, NULL, 0,
                                                NULL, pass);
      else if (outformat == FORMAT_ASN1)
            rv = i2d_PrivateKey_bio(out, pkey);
      else
            {
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Bad format specified for key\n");
            goto end;
            }

      if (rv <= 0)
            {
            BIO_puts(bio_err, "Error writing key\n");
            ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
            }

      if (text)
            {
            if (do_param)
                  rv = EVP_PKEY_print_params(out, pkey, 0, NULL);
            else
                  rv = EVP_PKEY_print_private(out, pkey, 0, NULL);

            if (rv <= 0)
                  {
                  BIO_puts(bio_err, "Error printing key\n");
                  ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                  }
            }

      ret = 0;

      end:
      if (pkey)
            EVP_PKEY_free(pkey);
      if (ctx)
            EVP_PKEY_CTX_free(ctx);
      if (out)
            BIO_free_all(out);
      BIO_free(in);
      if (pass)
            OPENSSL_free(pass);

      return ret;
      }

static int init_keygen_file(BIO *err, EVP_PKEY_CTX **pctx,
                        const char *file, ENGINE *e)
      {
      BIO *pbio;
      EVP_PKEY *pkey = NULL;
      EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx = NULL;
      if (*pctx)
            {
            BIO_puts(err, "Parameters already set!\n");
            return 0;
            }

      pbio = BIO_new_file(file, "r");
      if (!pbio)
            {
            BIO_printf(err, "Can't open parameter file %s\n", file);
            return 0;
            }

      pkey = PEM_read_bio_Parameters(pbio, NULL);
      BIO_free(pbio);

      if (!pkey)
            {
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Error reading parameter file %s\n", file);
            return 0;
            }

      ctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new(pkey, e);
      if (!ctx)
            goto err;
      if (EVP_PKEY_keygen_init(ctx) <= 0)
            goto err;
      EVP_PKEY_free(pkey);
      *pctx = ctx;
      return 1;

      err:
      BIO_puts(err, "Error initializing context\n");
      ERR_print_errors(err);
      if (ctx)
            EVP_PKEY_CTX_free(ctx);
      if (pkey)
            EVP_PKEY_free(pkey);
      return 0;

      }

int init_gen_str(BIO *err, EVP_PKEY_CTX **pctx,
                  const char *algname, ENGINE *e, int do_param)
      {
      EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx = NULL;
      const EVP_PKEY_ASN1_METHOD *ameth;
      ENGINE *tmpeng = NULL;
      int pkey_id;

      if (*pctx)
            {
            BIO_puts(err, "Algorithm already set!\n");
            return 0;
            }

      ameth = EVP_PKEY_asn1_find_str(&tmpeng, algname, -1);

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
      if (!ameth && e)
            ameth = ENGINE_get_pkey_asn1_meth_str(e, algname, -1);
#endif

      if (!ameth)
            {
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Algorithm %s not found\n", algname);
            return 0;
            }

      ERR_clear_error();

      EVP_PKEY_asn1_get0_info(&pkey_id, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, ameth);
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
      if (tmpeng)
            ENGINE_finish(tmpeng);
#endif
      ctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new_id(pkey_id, e);

      if (!ctx)
            goto err;
      if (do_param)
            {
            if (EVP_PKEY_paramgen_init(ctx) <= 0)
                  goto err;
            }
      else
            {
            if (EVP_PKEY_keygen_init(ctx) <= 0)
                  goto err;
            }

      *pctx = ctx;
      return 1;

      err:
      BIO_printf(err, "Error initializing %s context\n", algname);
      ERR_print_errors(err);
      if (ctx)
            EVP_PKEY_CTX_free(ctx);
      return 0;

      }

static int genpkey_cb(EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx)
      {
      char c='*';
      BIO *b = EVP_PKEY_CTX_get_app_data(ctx);
      int p;
      p = EVP_PKEY_CTX_get_keygen_info(ctx, 0);
      if (p == 0) c='.';
      if (p == 1) c='+';
      if (p == 2) c='*';
      if (p == 3) c='\n';
      BIO_write(b,&c,1);
      (void)BIO_flush(b);
#ifdef LINT
      p=n;
#endif
      return 1;
      }

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