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bn.h

/* crypto/bn/bn.h */
/* Copyright (C) 1995-1997 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This package is an SSL implementation written
 * by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
 * The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
 * 
 * This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
 * the following conditions are aheared to.  The following conditions
 * apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
 * lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code.  The SSL documentation
 * included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
 * except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 * 
 * Copyright remains Eric Young's, and as such any Copyright notices in
 * the code are not to be removed.
 * If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
 * as the author of the parts of the library used.
 * This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
 * in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes cryptographic software written by
 *     Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
 *    The word 'cryptographic' can be left out if the rouines from the library
 *    being used are not cryptographic related :-).
 * 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from 
 *    the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)"
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 * 
 * The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
 * derivative of this code cannot be changed.  i.e. this code cannot simply be
 * copied and put under another distribution licence
 * [including the GNU Public Licence.]
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright 2002 Sun Microsystems, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
 *
 * Portions of the attached software ("Contribution") are developed by 
 * SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC., and are contributed to the OpenSSL project.
 *
 * The Contribution is licensed pursuant to the Eric Young open source
 * license provided above.
 *
 * The binary polynomial arithmetic software is originally written by 
 * Sheueling Chang Shantz and Douglas Stebila of Sun Microsystems Laboratories.
 *
 */

#ifndef HEADER_BN_H
#define HEADER_BN_H

#include <openssl/e_os2.h>
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_FP_API
#include <stdio.h> /* FILE */
#endif
#include <openssl/ossl_typ.h>

#ifdef  __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* These preprocessor symbols control various aspects of the bignum headers and
 * library code. They're not defined by any "normal" configuration, as they are
 * intended for development and testing purposes. NB: defining all three can be
 * useful for debugging application code as well as openssl itself.
 *
 * BN_DEBUG - turn on various debugging alterations to the bignum code
 * BN_DEBUG_RAND - uses random poisoning of unused words to trip up
 * mismanagement of bignum internals. You must also define BN_DEBUG.
 */
/* #define BN_DEBUG */
/* #define BN_DEBUG_RAND */

#define BN_MUL_COMBA
#define BN_SQR_COMBA
#define BN_RECURSION

/* This next option uses the C libraries (2 word)/(1 word) function.
 * If it is not defined, I use my C version (which is slower).
 * The reason for this flag is that when the particular C compiler
 * library routine is used, and the library is linked with a different
 * compiler, the library is missing.  This mostly happens when the
 * library is built with gcc and then linked using normal cc.  This would
 * be a common occurrence because gcc normally produces code that is
 * 2 times faster than system compilers for the big number stuff.
 * For machines with only one compiler (or shared libraries), this should
 * be on.  Again this in only really a problem on machines
 * using "long long's", are 32bit, and are not using my assembler code. */
#if defined(OPENSSL_SYS_MSDOS) || defined(OPENSSL_SYS_WINDOWS) || \
    defined(OPENSSL_SYS_WIN32) || defined(linux)
# ifndef BN_DIV2W
#  define BN_DIV2W
# endif
#endif

/* assuming long is 64bit - this is the DEC Alpha
 * unsigned long long is only 64 bits :-(, don't define
 * BN_LLONG for the DEC Alpha */
#ifdef SIXTY_FOUR_BIT_LONG
#define BN_ULLONG unsigned long long
#define BN_ULONG  unsigned long
#define BN_LONG         long
#define BN_BITS         128
#define BN_BYTES  8
#define BN_BITS2  64
#define BN_BITS4  32
#define BN_MASK         (0xffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffLL)
#define BN_MASK2  (0xffffffffffffffffL)
#define BN_MASK2l (0xffffffffL)
#define BN_MASK2h (0xffffffff00000000L)
#define BN_MASK2h1      (0xffffffff80000000L)
#define BN_TBIT         (0x8000000000000000L)
#define BN_DEC_CONV     (10000000000000000000UL)
#define BN_DEC_FMT1     "%lu"
#define BN_DEC_FMT2     "%019lu"
#define BN_DEC_NUM      19
#endif

/* This is where the long long data type is 64 bits, but long is 32.
 * For machines where there are 64bit registers, this is the mode to use.
 * IRIX, on R4000 and above should use this mode, along with the relevant
 * assembler code :-).  Do NOT define BN_LLONG.
 */
#ifdef SIXTY_FOUR_BIT
#undef BN_LLONG
#undef BN_ULLONG
#define BN_ULONG  unsigned long long
#define BN_LONG         long long
#define BN_BITS         128
#define BN_BYTES  8
#define BN_BITS2  64
#define BN_BITS4  32
#define BN_MASK2  (0xffffffffffffffffLL)
#define BN_MASK2l (0xffffffffL)
#define BN_MASK2h (0xffffffff00000000LL)
#define BN_MASK2h1      (0xffffffff80000000LL)
#define BN_TBIT         (0x8000000000000000LL)
#define BN_DEC_CONV     (10000000000000000000ULL)
#define BN_DEC_FMT1     "%llu"
#define BN_DEC_FMT2     "%019llu"
#define BN_DEC_NUM      19
#endif

#ifdef THIRTY_TWO_BIT
#ifdef BN_LLONG
# if defined(OPENSSL_SYS_WIN32) && !defined(__GNUC__)
#  define BN_ULLONG     unsigned __int64
# else
#  define BN_ULLONG     unsigned long long
# endif
#endif
#define BN_ULONG  unsigned long
#define BN_LONG         long
#define BN_BITS         64
#define BN_BYTES  4
#define BN_BITS2  32
#define BN_BITS4  16
#ifdef OPENSSL_SYS_WIN32
/* VC++ doesn't like the LL suffix */
#define BN_MASK         (0xffffffffffffffffL)
#else
#define BN_MASK         (0xffffffffffffffffLL)
#endif
#define BN_MASK2  (0xffffffffL)
#define BN_MASK2l (0xffff)
#define BN_MASK2h1      (0xffff8000L)
#define BN_MASK2h (0xffff0000L)
#define BN_TBIT         (0x80000000L)
#define BN_DEC_CONV     (1000000000L)
#define BN_DEC_FMT1     "%lu"
#define BN_DEC_FMT2     "%09lu"
#define BN_DEC_NUM      9
#endif

#ifdef SIXTEEN_BIT
#ifndef BN_DIV2W
#define BN_DIV2W
#endif
#define BN_ULLONG unsigned long
#define BN_ULONG  unsigned short
#define BN_LONG         short
#define BN_BITS         32
#define BN_BYTES  2
#define BN_BITS2  16
#define BN_BITS4  8
#define BN_MASK         (0xffffffff)
#define BN_MASK2  (0xffff)
#define BN_MASK2l (0xff)
#define BN_MASK2h1      (0xff80)
#define BN_MASK2h (0xff00)
#define BN_TBIT         (0x8000)
#define BN_DEC_CONV     (100000)
#define BN_DEC_FMT1     "%u"
#define BN_DEC_FMT2     "%05u"
#define BN_DEC_NUM      5
#endif

#ifdef EIGHT_BIT
#ifndef BN_DIV2W
#define BN_DIV2W
#endif
#define BN_ULLONG unsigned short
#define BN_ULONG  unsigned char
#define BN_LONG         char
#define BN_BITS         16
#define BN_BYTES  1
#define BN_BITS2  8
#define BN_BITS4  4
#define BN_MASK         (0xffff)
#define BN_MASK2  (0xff)
#define BN_MASK2l (0xf)
#define BN_MASK2h1      (0xf8)
#define BN_MASK2h (0xf0)
#define BN_TBIT         (0x80)
#define BN_DEC_CONV     (100)
#define BN_DEC_FMT1     "%u"
#define BN_DEC_FMT2     "%02u"
#define BN_DEC_NUM      2
#endif

#define BN_DEFAULT_BITS 1280

#define BN_FLG_MALLOCED       0x01
#define BN_FLG_STATIC_DATA    0x02
#define BN_FLG_CONSTTIME      0x04 /* avoid leaking exponent information through timing,
                                      * BN_mod_exp_mont() will call BN_mod_exp_mont_consttime,
                                      * BN_div() will call BN_div_no_branch,
                                      * BN_mod_inverse() will call BN_mod_inverse_no_branch.
                                      */

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
#define BN_FLG_EXP_CONSTTIME BN_FLG_CONSTTIME /* deprecated name for the flag */
                                      /* avoid leaking exponent information through timings
                                      * (BN_mod_exp_mont() will call BN_mod_exp_mont_consttime) */
#endif

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
#define BN_FLG_FREE           0x8000      /* used for debuging */
#endif
#define BN_set_flags(b,n)     ((b)->flags|=(n))
#define BN_get_flags(b,n)     ((b)->flags&(n))

/* get a clone of a BIGNUM with changed flags, for *temporary* use only
 * (the two BIGNUMs cannot not be used in parallel!) */
#define BN_with_flags(dest,b,n)  ((dest)->d=(b)->d, \
                                  (dest)->top=(b)->top, \
                                  (dest)->dmax=(b)->dmax, \
                                  (dest)->neg=(b)->neg, \
                                  (dest)->flags=(((dest)->flags & BN_FLG_MALLOCED) \
                                                 |  ((b)->flags & ~BN_FLG_MALLOCED) \
                                                 |  BN_FLG_STATIC_DATA \
                                                 |  (n)))

/* Already declared in ossl_typ.h */
#if 0
typedef struct bignum_st BIGNUM;
/* Used for temp variables (declaration hidden in bn_lcl.h) */
typedef struct bignum_ctx BN_CTX;
typedef struct bn_blinding_st BN_BLINDING;
typedef struct bn_mont_ctx_st BN_MONT_CTX;
typedef struct bn_recp_ctx_st BN_RECP_CTX;
typedef struct bn_gencb_st BN_GENCB;
#endif

00288 struct bignum_st
      {
      BN_ULONG *d;      /* Pointer to an array of 'BN_BITS2' bit chunks. */
      int top;    /* Index of last used d +1. */
      /* The next are internal book keeping for bn_expand. */
      int dmax;   /* Size of the d array. */
      int neg;    /* one if the number is negative */
      int flags;
      };

/* Used for montgomery multiplication */
00299 struct bn_mont_ctx_st
      {
      int ri;        /* number of bits in R */
      BIGNUM RR;     /* used to convert to montgomery form */
      BIGNUM N;      /* The modulus */
      BIGNUM Ni;     /* R*(1/R mod N) - N*Ni = 1
                      * (Ni is only stored for bignum algorithm) */
      BN_ULONG n0;   /* least significant word of Ni */
      int flags;
      };

/* Used for reciprocal division/mod functions
 * It cannot be shared between threads
 */
00313 struct bn_recp_ctx_st
      {
      BIGNUM N;   /* the divisor */
      BIGNUM Nr;  /* the reciprocal */
      int num_bits;
      int shift;
      int flags;
      };

/* Used for slow "generation" functions. */
00323 struct bn_gencb_st
      {
      unsigned int ver; /* To handle binary (in)compatibility */
      void *arg;        /* callback-specific data */
      union
            {
            /* if(ver==1) - handles old style callbacks */
            void (*cb_1)(int, int, void *);
            /* if(ver==2) - new callback style */
            int (*cb_2)(int, int, BN_GENCB *);
            } cb;
      };
/* Wrapper function to make using BN_GENCB easier,  */
int BN_GENCB_call(BN_GENCB *cb, int a, int b);
/* Macro to populate a BN_GENCB structure with an "old"-style callback */
#define BN_GENCB_set_old(gencb, callback, cb_arg) { \
            BN_GENCB *tmp_gencb = (gencb); \
            tmp_gencb->ver = 1; \
            tmp_gencb->arg = (cb_arg); \
            tmp_gencb->cb.cb_1 = (callback); }
/* Macro to populate a BN_GENCB structure with a "new"-style callback */
#define BN_GENCB_set(gencb, callback, cb_arg) { \
            BN_GENCB *tmp_gencb = (gencb); \
            tmp_gencb->ver = 2; \
            tmp_gencb->arg = (cb_arg); \
            tmp_gencb->cb.cb_2 = (callback); }

#define BN_prime_checks 0 /* default: select number of iterations
                       based on the size of the number */

/* number of Miller-Rabin iterations for an error rate  of less than 2^-80
 * for random 'b'-bit input, b >= 100 (taken from table 4.4 in the Handbook
 * of Applied Cryptography [Menezes, van Oorschot, Vanstone; CRC Press 1996];
 * original paper: Damgaard, Landrock, Pomerance: Average case error estimates
 * for the strong probable prime test. -- Math. Comp. 61 (1993) 177-194) */
#define BN_prime_checks_for_size(b) ((b) >= 1300 ?  2 : \
                                (b) >=  850 ?  3 : \
                                (b) >=  650 ?  4 : \
                                (b) >=  550 ?  5 : \
                                (b) >=  450 ?  6 : \
                                (b) >=  400 ?  7 : \
                                (b) >=  350 ?  8 : \
                                (b) >=  300 ?  9 : \
                                (b) >=  250 ? 12 : \
                                (b) >=  200 ? 15 : \
                                (b) >=  150 ? 18 : \
                                /* b >= 100 */ 27)

#define BN_num_bytes(a) ((BN_num_bits(a)+7)/8)

/* Note that BN_abs_is_word didn't work reliably for w == 0 until 0.9.8 */
#define BN_abs_is_word(a,w) ((((a)->top == 1) && ((a)->d[0] == (BN_ULONG)(w))) || \
                        (((w) == 0) && ((a)->top == 0)))
#define BN_is_zero(a)       ((a)->top == 0)
#define BN_is_one(a)        (BN_abs_is_word((a),1) && !(a)->neg)
#define BN_is_word(a,w)     (BN_abs_is_word((a),(w)) && (!(w) || !(a)->neg))
#define BN_is_odd(a)        (((a)->top > 0) && ((a)->d[0] & 1))

#define BN_one(a) (BN_set_word((a),1))
#define BN_zero_ex(a) \
      do { \
            BIGNUM *_tmp_bn = (a); \
            _tmp_bn->top = 0; \
            _tmp_bn->neg = 0; \
      } while(0)
#ifdef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
#define BN_zero(a)      BN_zero_ex(a)
#else
#define BN_zero(a)      (BN_set_word((a),0))
#endif

const BIGNUM *BN_value_one(void);
char *      BN_options(void);
BN_CTX *BN_CTX_new(void);
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
void  BN_CTX_init(BN_CTX *c);
#endif
void  BN_CTX_free(BN_CTX *c);
void  BN_CTX_start(BN_CTX *ctx);
BIGNUM *BN_CTX_get(BN_CTX *ctx);
void  BN_CTX_end(BN_CTX *ctx);
int     BN_rand(BIGNUM *rnd, int bits, int top,int bottom);
int     BN_pseudo_rand(BIGNUM *rnd, int bits, int top,int bottom);
int   BN_rand_range(BIGNUM *rnd, BIGNUM *range);
int   BN_pseudo_rand_range(BIGNUM *rnd, BIGNUM *range);
int   BN_num_bits(const BIGNUM *a);
int   BN_num_bits_word(BN_ULONG);
BIGNUM *BN_new(void);
void  BN_init(BIGNUM *);
void  BN_clear_free(BIGNUM *a);
BIGNUM *BN_copy(BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
void  BN_swap(BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b);
BIGNUM *BN_bin2bn(const unsigned char *s,int len,BIGNUM *ret);
int   BN_bn2bin(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to);
BIGNUM *BN_mpi2bn(const unsigned char *s,int len,BIGNUM *ret);
int   BN_bn2mpi(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to);
int   BN_sub(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
int   BN_usub(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
int   BN_uadd(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
int   BN_add(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
int   BN_mul(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_sqr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a,BN_CTX *ctx);
/** BN_set_negative sets sign of a BIGNUM
 * \param  b  pointer to the BIGNUM object
 * \param  n  0 if the BIGNUM b should be positive and a value != 0 otherwise 
 */
void  BN_set_negative(BIGNUM *b, int n);
/** BN_is_negative returns 1 if the BIGNUM is negative
 * \param  a  pointer to the BIGNUM object
 * \return 1 if a < 0 and 0 otherwise
 */
#define BN_is_negative(a) ((a)->neg != 0)

int   BN_div(BIGNUM *dv, BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *m, const BIGNUM *d,
      BN_CTX *ctx);
#define BN_mod(rem,m,d,ctx) BN_div(NULL,(rem),(m),(d),(ctx))
int   BN_nnmod(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *m, const BIGNUM *d, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_add(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_add_quick(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m);
int   BN_mod_sub(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_sub_quick(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m);
int   BN_mod_mul(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_sqr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_lshift1(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_lshift1_quick(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m);
int   BN_mod_lshift(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, int n, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_lshift_quick(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, int n, const BIGNUM *m);

BN_ULONG BN_mod_word(const BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
BN_ULONG BN_div_word(BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
int   BN_mul_word(BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
int   BN_add_word(BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
int   BN_sub_word(BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
int   BN_set_word(BIGNUM *a, BN_ULONG w);
BN_ULONG BN_get_word(const BIGNUM *a);

int   BN_cmp(const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
void  BN_free(BIGNUM *a);
int   BN_is_bit_set(const BIGNUM *a, int n);
int   BN_lshift(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, int n);
int   BN_lshift1(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a);
int   BN_exp(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,BN_CTX *ctx);

int   BN_mod_exp(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m,BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_exp_mont(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx);
int BN_mod_exp_mont_consttime(BIGNUM *rr, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_MONT_CTX *in_mont);
int   BN_mod_exp_mont_word(BIGNUM *r, BN_ULONG a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx);
int   BN_mod_exp2_mont(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a1, const BIGNUM *p1,
      const BIGNUM *a2, const BIGNUM *p2,const BIGNUM *m,
      BN_CTX *ctx,BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx);
int   BN_mod_exp_simple(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m,BN_CTX *ctx);

int   BN_mask_bits(BIGNUM *a,int n);
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_FP_API
int   BN_print_fp(FILE *fp, const BIGNUM *a);
#endif
#ifdef HEADER_BIO_H
int   BN_print(BIO *fp, const BIGNUM *a);
#else
int   BN_print(void *fp, const BIGNUM *a);
#endif
int   BN_reciprocal(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *m, int len, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_rshift(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, int n);
int   BN_rshift1(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a);
void  BN_clear(BIGNUM *a);
BIGNUM *BN_dup(const BIGNUM *a);
int   BN_ucmp(const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);
int   BN_set_bit(BIGNUM *a, int n);
int   BN_clear_bit(BIGNUM *a, int n);
char *      BN_bn2hex(const BIGNUM *a);
char *      BN_bn2dec(const BIGNUM *a);
int   BN_hex2bn(BIGNUM **a, const char *str);
int   BN_dec2bn(BIGNUM **a, const char *str);
int   BN_gcd(BIGNUM *r,const BIGNUM *a,const BIGNUM *b,BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_kronecker(const BIGNUM *a,const BIGNUM *b,BN_CTX *ctx); /* returns -2 for error */
BIGNUM *BN_mod_inverse(BIGNUM *ret,
      const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *n,BN_CTX *ctx);
BIGNUM *BN_mod_sqrt(BIGNUM *ret,
      const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *n,BN_CTX *ctx);

/* Deprecated versions */
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
BIGNUM *BN_generate_prime(BIGNUM *ret,int bits,int safe,
      const BIGNUM *add, const BIGNUM *rem,
      void (*callback)(int,int,void *),void *cb_arg);
int   BN_is_prime(const BIGNUM *p,int nchecks,
      void (*callback)(int,int,void *),
      BN_CTX *ctx,void *cb_arg);
int   BN_is_prime_fasttest(const BIGNUM *p,int nchecks,
      void (*callback)(int,int,void *),BN_CTX *ctx,void *cb_arg,
      int do_trial_division);
#endif /* !defined(OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED) */

/* Newer versions */
int   BN_generate_prime_ex(BIGNUM *ret,int bits,int safe, const BIGNUM *add,
            const BIGNUM *rem, BN_GENCB *cb);
int   BN_is_prime_ex(const BIGNUM *p,int nchecks, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_GENCB *cb);
int   BN_is_prime_fasttest_ex(const BIGNUM *p,int nchecks, BN_CTX *ctx,
            int do_trial_division, BN_GENCB *cb);

BN_MONT_CTX *BN_MONT_CTX_new(void );
void BN_MONT_CTX_init(BN_MONT_CTX *ctx);
int BN_mod_mul_montgomery(BIGNUM *r,const BIGNUM *a,const BIGNUM *b,
      BN_MONT_CTX *mont, BN_CTX *ctx);
#define BN_to_montgomery(r,a,mont,ctx)    BN_mod_mul_montgomery(\
      (r),(a),&((mont)->RR),(mont),(ctx))
int BN_from_montgomery(BIGNUM *r,const BIGNUM *a,
      BN_MONT_CTX *mont, BN_CTX *ctx);
void BN_MONT_CTX_free(BN_MONT_CTX *mont);
int BN_MONT_CTX_set(BN_MONT_CTX *mont,const BIGNUM *mod,BN_CTX *ctx);
BN_MONT_CTX *BN_MONT_CTX_copy(BN_MONT_CTX *to,BN_MONT_CTX *from);
BN_MONT_CTX *BN_MONT_CTX_set_locked(BN_MONT_CTX **pmont, int lock,
                              const BIGNUM *mod, BN_CTX *ctx);

/* BN_BLINDING flags */
#define     BN_BLINDING_NO_UPDATE   0x00000001
#define     BN_BLINDING_NO_RECREATE 0x00000002

BN_BLINDING *BN_BLINDING_new(const BIGNUM *A, const BIGNUM *Ai, /* const */ BIGNUM *mod);
void BN_BLINDING_free(BN_BLINDING *b);
int BN_BLINDING_update(BN_BLINDING *b,BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_BLINDING_convert(BIGNUM *n, BN_BLINDING *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_BLINDING_invert(BIGNUM *n, BN_BLINDING *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_BLINDING_convert_ex(BIGNUM *n, BIGNUM *r, BN_BLINDING *b, BN_CTX *);
int BN_BLINDING_invert_ex(BIGNUM *n, const BIGNUM *r, BN_BLINDING *b, BN_CTX *);
unsigned long BN_BLINDING_get_thread_id(const BN_BLINDING *);
void BN_BLINDING_set_thread_id(BN_BLINDING *, unsigned long);
unsigned long BN_BLINDING_get_flags(const BN_BLINDING *);
void BN_BLINDING_set_flags(BN_BLINDING *, unsigned long);
BN_BLINDING *BN_BLINDING_create_param(BN_BLINDING *b,
      const BIGNUM *e, /* const */ BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx,
      int (*bn_mod_exp)(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
                    const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx),
      BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx);

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
void BN_set_params(int mul,int high,int low,int mont);
int BN_get_params(int which); /* 0, mul, 1 high, 2 low, 3 mont */
#endif

void  BN_RECP_CTX_init(BN_RECP_CTX *recp);
BN_RECP_CTX *BN_RECP_CTX_new(void);
void  BN_RECP_CTX_free(BN_RECP_CTX *recp);
int   BN_RECP_CTX_set(BN_RECP_CTX *recp,const BIGNUM *rdiv,BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_mul_reciprocal(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *x, const BIGNUM *y,
      BN_RECP_CTX *recp,BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_mod_exp_recp(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);
int   BN_div_recp(BIGNUM *dv, BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *m,
      BN_RECP_CTX *recp, BN_CTX *ctx);

/* Functions for arithmetic over binary polynomials represented by BIGNUMs. 
 *
 * The BIGNUM::neg property of BIGNUMs representing binary polynomials is
 * ignored.
 *
 * Note that input arguments are not const so that their bit arrays can
 * be expanded to the appropriate size if needed.
 */

int   BN_GF2m_add(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b); /*r = a + b*/
#define BN_GF2m_sub(r, a, b) BN_GF2m_add(r, a, b)
int   BN_GF2m_mod(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p); /*r=a mod p*/
int   BN_GF2m_mod_mul(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a * b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_sqr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a * a) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_inv(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *p,
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (1 / b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_div(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a / b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_exp(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a ^ b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_sqrt(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = sqrt(a) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_solve_quad(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r^2 + r = a mod p */
#define BN_GF2m_cmp(a, b) BN_ucmp((a), (b))
/* Some functions allow for representation of the irreducible polynomials
 * as an unsigned int[], say p.  The irreducible f(t) is then of the form:
 *     t^p[0] + t^p[1] + ... + t^p[k]
 * where m = p[0] > p[1] > ... > p[k] = 0.
 */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const unsigned int p[]);
      /* r = a mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_mul_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const unsigned int p[], BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a * b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_sqr_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const unsigned int p[],
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a * a) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_inv_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *b, const unsigned int p[],
      BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (1 / b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_div_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const unsigned int p[], BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a / b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_exp_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b,
      const unsigned int p[], BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = (a ^ b) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_sqrt_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a,
      const unsigned int p[], BN_CTX *ctx); /* r = sqrt(a) mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_mod_solve_quad_arr(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a,
      const unsigned int p[], BN_CTX *ctx); /* r^2 + r = a mod p */
int   BN_GF2m_poly2arr(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned int p[], int max);
int   BN_GF2m_arr2poly(const unsigned int p[], BIGNUM *a);

/* faster mod functions for the 'NIST primes' 
 * 0 <= a < p^2 */
int BN_nist_mod_192(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_nist_mod_224(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_nist_mod_256(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_nist_mod_384(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);
int BN_nist_mod_521(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);

const BIGNUM *BN_get0_nist_prime_192(void);
const BIGNUM *BN_get0_nist_prime_224(void);
const BIGNUM *BN_get0_nist_prime_256(void);
const BIGNUM *BN_get0_nist_prime_384(void);
const BIGNUM *BN_get0_nist_prime_521(void);

/* library internal functions */

#define bn_expand(a,bits) ((((((bits+BN_BITS2-1))/BN_BITS2)) <= (a)->dmax)?\
      (a):bn_expand2((a),(bits+BN_BITS2-1)/BN_BITS2))
#define bn_wexpand(a,words) (((words) <= (a)->dmax)?(a):bn_expand2((a),(words)))
BIGNUM *bn_expand2(BIGNUM *a, int words);
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_DEPRECATED
BIGNUM *bn_dup_expand(const BIGNUM *a, int words); /* unused */
#endif

/* Bignum consistency macros
 * There is one "API" macro, bn_fix_top(), for stripping leading zeroes from
 * bignum data after direct manipulations on the data. There is also an
 * "internal" macro, bn_check_top(), for verifying that there are no leading
 * zeroes. Unfortunately, some auditing is required due to the fact that
 * bn_fix_top() has become an overabused duct-tape because bignum data is
 * occasionally passed around in an inconsistent state. So the following
 * changes have been made to sort this out;
 * - bn_fix_top()s implementation has been moved to bn_correct_top()
 * - if BN_DEBUG isn't defined, bn_fix_top() maps to bn_correct_top(), and
 *   bn_check_top() is as before.
 * - if BN_DEBUG *is* defined;
 *   - bn_check_top() tries to pollute unused words even if the bignum 'top' is
 *     consistent. (ed: only if BN_DEBUG_RAND is defined)
 *   - bn_fix_top() maps to bn_check_top() rather than "fixing" anything.
 * The idea is to have debug builds flag up inconsistent bignums when they
 * occur. If that occurs in a bn_fix_top(), we examine the code in question; if
 * the use of bn_fix_top() was appropriate (ie. it follows directly after code
 * that manipulates the bignum) it is converted to bn_correct_top(), and if it
 * was not appropriate, we convert it permanently to bn_check_top() and track
 * down the cause of the bug. Eventually, no internal code should be using the
 * bn_fix_top() macro. External applications and libraries should try this with
 * their own code too, both in terms of building against the openssl headers
 * with BN_DEBUG defined *and* linking with a version of OpenSSL built with it
 * defined. This not only improves external code, it provides more test
 * coverage for openssl's own code.
 */

#ifdef BN_DEBUG

/* We only need assert() when debugging */
#include <assert.h>

#ifdef BN_DEBUG_RAND
/* To avoid "make update" cvs wars due to BN_DEBUG, use some tricks */
#ifndef RAND_pseudo_bytes
int RAND_pseudo_bytes(unsigned char *buf,int num);
#define BN_DEBUG_TRIX
#endif
#define bn_pollute(a) \
      do { \
            const BIGNUM *_bnum1 = (a); \
            if(_bnum1->top < _bnum1->dmax) { \
                  unsigned char _tmp_char; \
                  /* We cast away const without the compiler knowing, any \
                   * *genuinely* constant variables that aren't mutable \
                   * wouldn't be constructed with top!=dmax. */ \
                  BN_ULONG *_not_const; \
                  memcpy(&_not_const, &_bnum1->d, sizeof(BN_ULONG*)); \
                  RAND_pseudo_bytes(&_tmp_char, 1); \
                  memset((unsigned char *)(_not_const + _bnum1->top), _tmp_char, \
                        (_bnum1->dmax - _bnum1->top) * sizeof(BN_ULONG)); \
            } \
      } while(0)
#ifdef BN_DEBUG_TRIX
#undef RAND_pseudo_bytes
#endif
#else
#define bn_pollute(a)
#endif
#define bn_check_top(a) \
      do { \
            const BIGNUM *_bnum2 = (a); \
            if (_bnum2 != NULL) { \
                  assert((_bnum2->top == 0) || \
                        (_bnum2->d[_bnum2->top - 1] != 0)); \
                  bn_pollute(_bnum2); \
            } \
      } while(0)

#define bn_fix_top(a)         bn_check_top(a)

#else /* !BN_DEBUG */

#define bn_pollute(a)
#define bn_check_top(a)
#define bn_fix_top(a)         bn_correct_top(a)

#endif

#define bn_correct_top(a) \
        { \
        BN_ULONG *ftl; \
      if ((a)->top > 0) \
            { \
            for (ftl= &((a)->d[(a)->top-1]); (a)->top > 0; (a)->top--) \
            if (*(ftl--)) break; \
            } \
      bn_pollute(a); \
      }

BN_ULONG bn_mul_add_words(BN_ULONG *rp, const BN_ULONG *ap, int num, BN_ULONG w);
BN_ULONG bn_mul_words(BN_ULONG *rp, const BN_ULONG *ap, int num, BN_ULONG w);
void     bn_sqr_words(BN_ULONG *rp, const BN_ULONG *ap, int num);
BN_ULONG bn_div_words(BN_ULONG h, BN_ULONG l, BN_ULONG d);
BN_ULONG bn_add_words(BN_ULONG *rp, const BN_ULONG *ap, const BN_ULONG *bp,int num);
BN_ULONG bn_sub_words(BN_ULONG *rp, const BN_ULONG *ap, const BN_ULONG *bp,int num);

/* Primes from RFC 2409 */
BIGNUM *get_rfc2409_prime_768(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc2409_prime_1024(BIGNUM *bn);

/* Primes from RFC 3526 */
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_1536(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_2048(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_3072(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_4096(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_6144(BIGNUM *bn);
BIGNUM *get_rfc3526_prime_8192(BIGNUM *bn);

int BN_bntest_rand(BIGNUM *rnd, int bits, int top,int bottom);

/* BEGIN ERROR CODES */
/* The following lines are auto generated by the script mkerr.pl. Any changes
 * made after this point may be overwritten when the script is next run.
 */
void ERR_load_BN_strings(void);

/* Error codes for the BN functions. */

/* Function codes. */
#define BN_F_BNRAND                              127
#define BN_F_BN_BLINDING_CONVERT_EX              100
#define BN_F_BN_BLINDING_CREATE_PARAM                  128
#define BN_F_BN_BLINDING_INVERT_EX               101
#define BN_F_BN_BLINDING_NEW                     102
#define BN_F_BN_BLINDING_UPDATE                        103
#define BN_F_BN_BN2DEC                           104
#define BN_F_BN_BN2HEX                           105
#define BN_F_BN_CTX_GET                          116
#define BN_F_BN_CTX_NEW                          106
#define BN_F_BN_CTX_START                        129
#define BN_F_BN_DIV                              107
#define BN_F_BN_DIV_NO_BRANCH                    138
#define BN_F_BN_DIV_RECP                         130
#define BN_F_BN_EXP                              123
#define BN_F_BN_EXPAND2                          108
#define BN_F_BN_EXPAND_INTERNAL                        120
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD                         131
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_EXP                     132
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_MUL                     133
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_SOLVE_QUAD              134
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_SOLVE_QUAD_ARR                135
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_SQR                     136
#define BN_F_BN_GF2M_MOD_SQRT                    137
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP2_MONT                    118
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP_MONT                     109
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP_MONT_CONSTTIME                 124
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP_MONT_WORD                117
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP_RECP                     125
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_EXP_SIMPLE                         126
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_INVERSE                      110
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_INVERSE_NO_BRANCH                  139
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_LSHIFT_QUICK                 119
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_MUL_RECIPROCAL               111
#define BN_F_BN_MOD_SQRT                         121
#define BN_F_BN_MPI2BN                           112
#define BN_F_BN_NEW                              113
#define BN_F_BN_RAND                             114
#define BN_F_BN_RAND_RANGE                       122
#define BN_F_BN_USUB                             115

/* Reason codes. */
#define BN_R_ARG2_LT_ARG3                        100
#define BN_R_BAD_RECIPROCAL                      101
#define BN_R_BIGNUM_TOO_LONG                     114
#define BN_R_CALLED_WITH_EVEN_MODULUS                  102
#define BN_R_DIV_BY_ZERO                         103
#define BN_R_ENCODING_ERROR                      104
#define BN_R_EXPAND_ON_STATIC_BIGNUM_DATA        105
#define BN_R_INPUT_NOT_REDUCED                         110
#define BN_R_INVALID_LENGTH                      106
#define BN_R_INVALID_RANGE                       115
#define BN_R_NOT_A_SQUARE                        111
#define BN_R_NOT_INITIALIZED                     107
#define BN_R_NO_INVERSE                          108
#define BN_R_NO_SOLUTION                         116
#define BN_R_P_IS_NOT_PRIME                      112
#define BN_R_TOO_MANY_ITERATIONS                 113
#define BN_R_TOO_MANY_TEMPORARY_VARIABLES        109

#ifdef  __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif

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