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rsa.c

/* apps/rsa.c */
/* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This package is an SSL implementation written
 * by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
 * The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
 * 
 * This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
 * the following conditions are aheared to.  The following conditions
 * apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
 * lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code.  The SSL documentation
 * included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
 * except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 * 
 * Copyright remains Eric Young's, and as such any Copyright notices in
 * the code are not to be removed.
 * If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
 * as the author of the parts of the library used.
 * This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
 * in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes cryptographic software written by
 *     Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
 *    The word 'cryptographic' can be left out if the rouines from the library
 *    being used are not cryptographic related :-).
 * 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from 
 *    the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)"
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 * 
 * The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
 * derivative of this code cannot be changed.  i.e. this code cannot simply be
 * copied and put under another distribution licence
 * [including the GNU Public Licence.]
 */

#include <openssl/opensslconf.h>
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_RSA
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include "apps.h"
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/rsa.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/pem.h>
#include <openssl/bn.h>

#undef PROG
#define PROG      rsa_main

/* -inform arg    - input format - default PEM (one of DER, NET or PEM)
 * -outform arg - output format - default PEM
 * -in arg  - input file - default stdin
 * -out arg - output file - default stdout
 * -des           - encrypt output if PEM format with DES in cbc mode
 * -des3    - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -idea    - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -aes128  - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -aes192  - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -aes256  - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -camellia128 - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -camellia192 - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -camellia256 - encrypt output if PEM format
 * -text    - print a text version
 * -modulus - print the RSA key modulus
 * -check   - verify key consistency
 * -pubin   - Expect a public key in input file.
 * -pubout  - Output a public key.
 */

int MAIN(int, char **);

int MAIN(int argc, char **argv)
      {
      ENGINE *e = NULL;
      int ret=1;
      RSA *rsa=NULL;
      int i,badops=0, sgckey=0;
      const EVP_CIPHER *enc=NULL;
      BIO *out=NULL;
      int informat,outformat,text=0,check=0,noout=0;
      int pubin = 0, pubout = 0;
      char *infile,*outfile,*prog;
      char *passargin = NULL, *passargout = NULL;
      char *passin = NULL, *passout = NULL;
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
      char *engine=NULL;
#endif
      int modulus=0;

      apps_startup();

      if (bio_err == NULL)
            if ((bio_err=BIO_new(BIO_s_file())) != NULL)
                  BIO_set_fp(bio_err,stderr,BIO_NOCLOSE|BIO_FP_TEXT);

      if (!load_config(bio_err, NULL))
            goto end;

      infile=NULL;
      outfile=NULL;
      informat=FORMAT_PEM;
      outformat=FORMAT_PEM;

      prog=argv[0];
      argc--;
      argv++;
      while (argc >= 1)
            {
            if    (strcmp(*argv,"-inform") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  informat=str2fmt(*(++argv));
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-outform") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  outformat=str2fmt(*(++argv));
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-in") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  infile= *(++argv);
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-out") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  outfile= *(++argv);
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-passin") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  passargin= *(++argv);
                  }
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-passout") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  passargout= *(++argv);
                  }
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-engine") == 0)
                  {
                  if (--argc < 1) goto bad;
                  engine= *(++argv);
                  }
#endif
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-sgckey") == 0)
                  sgckey=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-pubin") == 0)
                  pubin=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-pubout") == 0)
                  pubout=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-noout") == 0)
                  noout=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-text") == 0)
                  text=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-modulus") == 0)
                  modulus=1;
            else if (strcmp(*argv,"-check") == 0)
                  check=1;
            else if ((enc=EVP_get_cipherbyname(&(argv[0][1]))) == NULL)
                  {
                  BIO_printf(bio_err,"unknown option %s\n",*argv);
                  badops=1;
                  break;
                  }
            argc--;
            argv++;
            }

      if (badops)
            {
bad:
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"%s [options] <infile >outfile\n",prog);
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"where options are\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -inform arg     input format - one of DER NET PEM\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -outform arg    output format - one of DER NET PEM\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -in arg         input file\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -sgckey         Use IIS SGC key format\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -passin arg     input file pass phrase source\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -out arg        output file\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -passout arg    output file pass phrase source\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -des            encrypt PEM output with cbc des\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -des3           encrypt PEM output with ede cbc des using 168 bit key\n");
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_IDEA
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -idea           encrypt PEM output with cbc idea\n");
#endif
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_AES
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -aes128, -aes192, -aes256\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"                 encrypt PEM output with cbc aes\n");
#endif
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_CAMELLIA
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -camellia128, -camellia192, -camellia256\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"                 encrypt PEM output with cbc camellia\n");
#endif
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -text           print the key in text\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -noout          don't print key out\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -modulus        print the RSA key modulus\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -check          verify key consistency\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -pubin          expect a public key in input file\n");
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -pubout         output a public key\n");
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
            BIO_printf(bio_err," -engine e       use engine e, possibly a hardware device.\n");
#endif
            goto end;
            }

      ERR_load_crypto_strings();

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_ENGINE
        e = setup_engine(bio_err, engine, 0);
#endif

      if(!app_passwd(bio_err, passargin, passargout, &passin, &passout)) {
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Error getting passwords\n");
            goto end;
      }

      if(check && pubin) {
            BIO_printf(bio_err, "Only private keys can be checked\n");
            goto end;
      }

      out=BIO_new(BIO_s_file());

      {
            EVP_PKEY    *pkey;

            if (pubin)
                  pkey = load_pubkey(bio_err, infile,
                        (informat == FORMAT_NETSCAPE && sgckey ?
                              FORMAT_IISSGC : informat), 1,
                        passin, e, "Public Key");
            else
                  pkey = load_key(bio_err, infile,
                        (informat == FORMAT_NETSCAPE && sgckey ?
                              FORMAT_IISSGC : informat), 1,
                        passin, e, "Private Key");

            if (pkey != NULL)
            rsa = pkey == NULL ? NULL : EVP_PKEY_get1_RSA(pkey);
            EVP_PKEY_free(pkey);
      }

      if (rsa == NULL)
            {
            ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
            goto end;
            }

      if (outfile == NULL)
            {
            BIO_set_fp(out,stdout,BIO_NOCLOSE);
#ifdef OPENSSL_SYS_VMS
            {
            BIO *tmpbio = BIO_new(BIO_f_linebuffer());
            out = BIO_push(tmpbio, out);
            }
#endif
            }
      else
            {
            if (BIO_write_filename(out,outfile) <= 0)
                  {
                  perror(outfile);
                  goto end;
                  }
            }

      if (text) 
            if (!RSA_print(out,rsa,0))
                  {
                  perror(outfile);
                  ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                  goto end;
                  }

      if (modulus)
            {
            BIO_printf(out,"Modulus=");
            BN_print(out,rsa->n);
            BIO_printf(out,"\n");
            }

      if (check)
            {
            int r = RSA_check_key(rsa);

            if (r == 1)
                  BIO_printf(out,"RSA key ok\n");
            else if (r == 0)
                  {
                  unsigned long err;

                  while ((err = ERR_peek_error()) != 0 &&
                        ERR_GET_LIB(err) == ERR_LIB_RSA &&
                        ERR_GET_FUNC(err) == RSA_F_RSA_CHECK_KEY &&
                        ERR_GET_REASON(err) != ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE)
                        {
                        BIO_printf(out, "RSA key error: %s\n", ERR_reason_error_string(err));
                        ERR_get_error(); /* remove e from error stack */
                        }
                  }
            
            if (r == -1 || ERR_peek_error() != 0) /* should happen only if r == -1 */
                  {
                  ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
                  goto end;
                  }
            }
            
      if (noout)
            {
            ret = 0;
            goto end;
            }
      BIO_printf(bio_err,"writing RSA key\n");
      if    (outformat == FORMAT_ASN1) {
            if(pubout || pubin) i=i2d_RSA_PUBKEY_bio(out,rsa);
            else i=i2d_RSAPrivateKey_bio(out,rsa);
      }
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_RC4
      else if (outformat == FORMAT_NETSCAPE)
            {
            unsigned char *p,*pp;
            int size;

            i=1;
            size=i2d_RSA_NET(rsa,NULL,NULL, sgckey);
            if ((p=(unsigned char *)OPENSSL_malloc(size)) == NULL)
                  {
                  BIO_printf(bio_err,"Memory allocation failure\n");
                  goto end;
                  }
            pp=p;
            i2d_RSA_NET(rsa,&p,NULL, sgckey);
            BIO_write(out,(char *)pp,size);
            OPENSSL_free(pp);
            }
#endif
      else if (outformat == FORMAT_PEM) {
            if(pubout || pubin)
                i=PEM_write_bio_RSA_PUBKEY(out,rsa);
            else i=PEM_write_bio_RSAPrivateKey(out,rsa,
                                    enc,NULL,0,NULL,passout);
      } else      {
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"bad output format specified for outfile\n");
            goto end;
            }
      if (!i)
            {
            BIO_printf(bio_err,"unable to write key\n");
            ERR_print_errors(bio_err);
            }
      else
            ret=0;
end:
      if(out != NULL) BIO_free_all(out);
      if(rsa != NULL) RSA_free(rsa);
      if(passin) OPENSSL_free(passin);
      if(passout) OPENSSL_free(passout);
      apps_shutdown();
      OPENSSL_EXIT(ret);
      }
#else /* !OPENSSL_NO_RSA */

# if PEDANTIC
static void *dummy=&dummy;
# endif

#endif

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